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制作简历小贴士

2014-06-05    来源:新浪科技    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Writing a résumé can be a daunting task. It has a style unlike virtually any other document you are likely to write. Consequently, many people rely on either preconceived ideas or stock templates when setting down their credentials for a new position, dooming themselves to a mediocre product from the get-go。
撰写简历是一项艰巨的任务。它和其它你写的文章本质上完全不同。因此,很多人在申请新职位的时候,不是依靠预先的想法就是靠普通模板,导致他们的简历从一开始就变成了平庸的作品。

We often carry around outdated concepts when we don’t keep up to date with current trends. Today’s quality résumés have dispensed with objective statements, and must contain far more information about your accomplishments than your responsibilities. To stand out from the competition you must convey your personal brand, highlight your skills and explain the results of your work. And at the same time, your résumé should be formatted to be applicant tracking system (ATS) friendly。
如果我们不跟上当前的潮流的话,就常常会有过时的想法。今天,一份高质量的简历要有目的陈述,还必须要包含你的成就,而不只是你的职责。要想在竞争中脱颖而出,你必须表现出你的个人特色,着重指出你的能力,解释你工作的成果。同时,你的简历格式应该便于求职追踪系统(ATS)辨识。

Rather than just trying to initially compose a document in résumé format, it is often very helpful to first create a background document you might think of as a well of information from which to draw. To get organized, begin by creating topic headings for each of the sections of the résumé: Professional Experience, Skills, Education, Certifications & Training, Volunteer / Community Activities。
比起仅仅开始创建简历格式的文件,先创建你可能想到的背景文件和可能引用的信息会比较有用。要想有条理,首先给简历每一板块写上标题:职业经历、技能、教育、证书&培训、志愿者/社区活动。

Compose bullet points where you highlight each of your major accomplishments. And fill them in with a longhand version of what you did, how you did it and what happened because of your activity。
撰写你要着重突出的主要成就,用曲折手法写出你做了什么,你是怎么做的,你的行动导致了什么结果。

Don’t worry about conforming to the space limitation of a page or two in this private document. Just pour out your story on to several pages, and then you will be able to cull the highlights for your finished product. Moreover, having thought about and articulated your experiences you will also have taken an important step forward in preparing stories to tell when you get to interviewing for coveted roles。
不要担心字数限制,别管文件是一页还是两页。然后你可以选出写出的内容中的重点部分。此外,要想到把你的经历连贯起来,你可以在竞争梦寐以求的职位的面试中准备好要讲的故事上迈出关键的一步。

In each section or bullet point of your résumé well, answer these questions as best you can:
在每个部分或者是简历每个重点上,尽你所能地回答这些问题:


1. How did you get this job? What does the company do? Who buys its products or services?
1. 你怎么得到这份工作的?公司是干嘛的?购买商品或者服务的都是哪些人?

2. What are your major responsibilities? What have been the biggest challenges you faced in accomplishing them? What did you do, and how did it turn out? What resulted from your actions?
2. 你的主要职责是什么?工作中面对的重大挑战是什么?你怎么做的,最后结果怎样?你的行动导致什么后果?

3. What are you most proud to have accomplished in this role?
3. 你在职位上完成的最值得骄傲的成就有哪些?

4. How have you saved your employer time or increased productivity?
4. 你如何节约雇主的时间、增加效率?

5. What have you done, to increase sales or revenue for your employer? How did you go about doing it? What tools, skills, knowledge or software did you utilize?
5. 你为了帮雇主增加销售或者收益做过什么?你怎么做的?用了什么工具、技巧、只是或者软件?

6. What have you done, and how did you do it, to decrease costs or expenses for your employer? Again, what tools, skills, knowledge or software did you utilize?
6. 你做过什么,怎么做让雇主的支出费用下降?同样,用了什么工具、技巧、只是或者软件?

7. How have your accomplishments in this role stacked up against others in your department, company or industry?
7. 你在职的成就和你同部门、同公司、同行业的人比起来如何?


8. Why is your employer better off because you were hired?
8. 为什么你被雇佣对雇主更好?

9. What did you start or set up that became a model for others to copy in other locations or companies?
9. 你怎么成为他人在各自岗位或者公司里学习的榜样?

10. How did you make life easier for your boss, your peers or others with whom you worked?
10. 你如何让你的老板、同事的生活更轻松?

11. How are you viewed by your boss, peers and those you supervise?
11. 你的老板、同事和你的下属怎么看你?

12. What is your reputation among your vendors, customers or clients? Why do they have this opinion of you?
12. 你在供应商、顾客、客户中名声如何?为什么他们这样看你?

Your résumé well will likely turn out to be several pages long. Then, you can draw from it the main substance and ideas that emerge from your self-reflection。
你的简历很可能会有好几页。然后,你可以从中选出你自我审视中出现的主要内容和想法。

Once you've completed this preliminary document and are ready to write the résumé itself, determine for yourself the overall impression of what you want to create in the mind of your reader. With this in mind, go back to highlight all the things that you’ve written that will contribute to someone coming to the conclusion you seek. Now you are well underway to figuring out what to include in the bullet points you will be fashioning。
一旦你完成了这份初步文件,准备好要写简历之后,决定你想要给读者创造出的整体印象。记住这一点,返回去加亮所有能够让人得出你想要的结论的地方。现在你非常清楚你写出的要点里要包括什么内容了。

Bear in mind, employers are ultimately far less concerned about reading a listing of your current and former job descriptions than coming to understand how you have fulfilled your responsibilities in a way that sets you apart from everyone else. That is why each bullet point should be in what professional résumé writers call a STAR format that conveys succinctly your Situation, Task, Action and Results。
牢牢记住,雇主不关心你列出的现在和之前的工作描述,他们关心的是你完成你的职责的方式,这点把你和其它人区别开来。这就是为什么每个要点都必须是用职业简历写手所说的STAR格式写的,简明扼要的介绍你的情况(S)、任务(T)、行动(A)和结果(R)。

When you go about the task of résumé creation this way, you will create a document that will interest its readers to invest far more than the six to 10 seconds they give to your competition。
当你这么撰写简历的时候,你会写出一份让读者有花上6-10秒更多的时间来阅读的兴趣的简历,从而给你竞争的机会。


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