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2014-11-03    来源:财富网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训




Not many people are built for the long hours, high stress, target-on-your-back reality that comes with running a large company. You’re constantly subject to the demands of the board of directors, upset customers, and annoyed employees, all while attempting to steer a company to profitability.

Of course, it doesn’t always go swimmingly.

This year, we’ve seen a rash of infighting and outrageous behavior that has led to a number of CEOs to quit or be shown the door. Luxottica Group, the largest eyewear maker in the world, shuffled out their second CEO in less than two months last week, following a struggle over how much control should be given to the founder of the company, according to reports.
今年以来,我们已看到各公司内斗和层出不穷的出格行为,让好些首席执行官要么辞职走人,要么被扫地出门。有媒体报道称,在一场因公司创始人应获得多大控制权而引发的争斗之后,全球最大的眼镜商罗萨奥蒂卡集团(Luxottica Group)上周将上任还不到两个月的第二任首席执行官请出了公司。

American Apparel APP 0.00% finally cut ties with its brash founder DovCharney in June in the wake of one among many claims of misconduct. Online advertising platform RadiumOne fired its CEO following a domestic abuse scandal. Stadium food vendor Centerplate’s CEO stepped down after video showed him kicking a dog in an elevator. Finally, “Bond King” Bill Gross left Pimco, the company he founded, to join competitor Janus in the midst of reports that he was to be fired the next day.
美国服饰公司(American Apparel)创始人多夫•查尼一向目中无人,行为多有不端。6月份,查尼再爆丑闻,该公司终于和他彻底决裂。在传出一起家暴丑闻后,在线广告平台RadiumOne公司也裁掉了它的首席执行官。体育场食品供应商Centerplate公司的首席执行官也下台了,原因是一段曝光的视频显示,他在电梯里猛踢一只小狗。最后,在听说自己即将在翌日被裁的消息后,太平洋投资管理公司(Pimco)创始人、“债券之王”比尔•格罗斯干脆跳到了自家的对手Janus公司。

Then again, CEO departures aren’t all tabloid-fodder. Many leaders step down gracefully, without treating the organization like a forgotten bachelor pad. Look at J.C. Penney JCP -0.65% , which recently named Marvin Ellison as CEO-in-waiting until Mike Ullman retires in August 2015. Or even Oracle ORCL 1.46% , whose founder Larry Ellison decided to step aside and officially yield chief executive duties to SafraCatz and Mark Hurd.
不过,首席执行官离职也并不都是小报爆料的题材。很多掌门人都是优雅去职的,并没有把身后的公司当成一栋被遗忘的单身公寓。比如彭尼百货公司(J.C. Penney)近期就任命马文•埃里森为候补首席执行官,等迈克•乌尔曼2015年8月退休后就可上任。就连甲骨文公司(Oracle)创始人拉里•埃里森也决定退居二线,正式将首席执行官的职责让渡给萨夫拉•卡茨和马克•赫德。

In a time when work-life balance seems ever-more enticing while CEO pay knows no bounds, it’s refreshing to find examples of leaders stepping down without poor results, scandal, or even legal issues following in their wake.

Here are five CEOs who knew how to lead, even if it meant realizing that the company would be a better place without them.

Gerard J. Arpey, AMR

Declarations of bankruptcy have become an industry norm for airlines. By doing so, an airline can re-negotiate with unions and rid itself of unwanted costs. But in 2011, when AMR Corp.—parent of American Airlines—prepared to file its papers, the biggest opponent of the move was CEO and Chairman Gerard J. Arpey. He didn’t support the decision because he didn’t believe in walking away from commitments, like pensions, to appease investors.
对航空公司来说,宣布破产已经变成一种行规。通过破产,航空公司就能和工会重新谈判,并砍掉多余成本。但当美利坚航空公司(AMR)——美国航空公司(American Airlines)的母公司——在2011年准备递交破产申请时,最大的反对者竟是首席执行官兼董事长杰勒德•阿佩。不支持这一决定的原因是,他从来不信奉逃离承诺(比如给工人支付养老金)以安抚投资者那一套。

“I believe it’s important to the character of the company and its ultimate long-term success to do your very best to honor those commitments,” Arpey told D. Michael Lindsay, the president of Gordon College, writing for The New York Times months before the bankruptcy decision. “It is not good thinking—either at the corporate level or at the personal level—to believe you can simply walk away from your circumstances.”
破产决定数月前,在接受戈登学院(Gordon College)院长D•迈克尔•林赛为《纽约时报》(The New York Times)进行的采访时,阿佩说:“我坚信,尽自己最大努力来信守承诺,关乎这家公司的品格及其长远成功。无论是在公司层面还是个人层面,认为自己能随随便便摆脱现实、放弃责任都不是什么好想法。”

Arpey quit to let someone with experience handling bankruptcies to take over, despite the board’s request that he stay. He now works in private equity at the Emerald Creek Group.
尽管董事会执意要他留任,阿佩还是辞了职,让富有破产处理经验的人来接手。目前他已加入私募投资公司Emerald Creek集团。

Bill Gates, Microsoft

It may be easier to quit the company you founded when you’re one of the wealthiest men in the world. But few uber-rich CEOs have taken the lead in philanthropic causes like Bill Gates.

In 2008, Gates announced that he would step away from the day-to-day operations at Microsoft MSFT 1.81% (he resigned as CEO in 2000, but remained an integral part of the daily strategy at Microsoft as chief software architect until 2008) to devote more time to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. He remained Microsoft’s chairman through 2014.
2008年,盖茨宣布他将不再参与微软公司(Microsoft)的日常运营(2000年他就辞去首席执行官一职,但2008年前仍作为首席软件架构师,参与公司日常战略的制定工作),转而将更多时间投入到比尔和梅林达•盖茨基金会(Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation)。直至2014年年底,他仍将留任微软董事长一职。

Meanwhile, Gates has led initiatives to increase the availability of the polio and malaria vaccine across the world, improve world hunger through a $40 million agriculture research program. He even signed on to Warren Buffett’s Giving Pledge, committing a majority of his fortune to charity once he passes away.
与此同时,盖茨一直致力于让全球各地的患者能更方便地获得小儿麻痹症和疟疾疫苗,并通过一个总额达4千万美元的农业科研项目来改善全球性饥荒问题。他甚至签署了沃伦•巴菲特的“捐款誓言”(Giving Pledge),承诺过世后将自己的绝大部分财富捐给慈善事业。

Gates hasn’t avoided controversial topics. He stepped up efforts to reform the U.S. educational system, trumpeting the Common Core standards, which provide uniform curriculum guidelines for all American students. Forty-three states and the District of Columbia have adopted the standards. But critics have circled, arguing the rules have produced limited results. Still, it represents one of the largest education reforms in U.S. history.
盖茨并没有回避争议性主题。他正加倍致力于美国教育体系的改革,大力推广共同核心标准(Common Core standards),这一标准将为美国所有学生提供统一的课程指南。43个州和哥伦比亚特区已经采取了这一标准。不过对此一直不乏批评之声,认为这些标准的成果有限。但它仍是美国历史上最大规模的教育改革之一。

Coby Brooks, Hooters

When Coby Brooks took over as the head of the restaurant chain known for fun-loving, scantily clad waitresses, it was wrapped in tragedy. His father, who bought the restaurant in 1984 and turned it into a national chain, had just passed away. The elder-Brooks, Robert, died in 2006, leaving 30% to Coby, 30% to a younger daughter, and the rest to various family members and organizations. Robert’s second wife, however, was not pleased with her share, which was reportedly for $1 million a year for 20 years. So she sued for additional control of the company. This led Hooters down a three-year battle for ownership.

Finally, in 2009, the two sides settled, but it forced the younger Brooks to raise funds to keep the company running. Instead of sticking around, he sold the chicken wing chain to a group of investors. Coby became an early investor in another “breastaraunt” chain, Twin Peaks, which has increased its foothold to nearly 60 locations across the country in less than 10 years. Like father, like son.
最后到了2009年,双方终于达成协议,该协议迫使科比必须筹集资金才能保持公司正常运营。他并没有停滞不前,而是把鸡翅连锁店卖给了一群投资者。科比随后成了另一家“美胸餐厅”(breastaraunt)连锁店——“双峰”(Twin Peaks)的早期投资者,这家店在不到十年时间里在全美扩张至近60家分店。真是有其父必有其子。

Meg Whitman, eBay

When Meg Whitman joined eBay in 1998, the e-commerce auction site was just a small, quirky startup that used company-wide meetings and candy jars to determine its strategy. But it had grown significantly in a short period, convincing Whitman to join the firm. Good thing she did, as she grew the company to over $8 billion in sales by the time she left in 2008 as one of the richest women in America.

Despite her success, investors wanted to see significant change at eBay EBAY 3.37% . A $2.8 billion purchase of Internet telephone service Skype never panned out, while Amazon’s growth began to affect eBay’s bottom line. But really, it was just time. Whitman had long said that 10 years was the term limit for an effective CEO. She stayed true to her word.

Whitman decided to try her hand at politics, seeking the California governor’s seat in 2010. She lost to Democrat Jerry Brown.

Whitman ultimately wound up running Hewlett-Packard HPQ 2.72% . In October, she announced that the tech giant would split into two, leaving her as the head of the corporate technology unit and chair of the consumer hardware business.

Mohamed El-Erian, Pimco

Mohamed El-Erian had many reasons to leave bond trading firm Pimco at the start of 2014. His boss, Bill Gross, had bet large on the notion that bonds would return to their profitable past, but it had yet to come to fruition. Investors began to flee the firm’s flagship Total Return Fund. And then there were the reports that Gross’ behavior had grown erratic, that he had been fighting with many employees, including El-Erian. But the final straw had little to do with Gross; instead, it was a sign from El-Erian’s daughter.
2014年年初,穆罕穆德•埃尔埃里安有充分的理由离开这家债券交易公司。当时比尔•格罗斯大笔押注,认为债券将像过去一样有利可图,但这还并未成为现实。而投资者已开始从公司的旗舰基金“总回报基金”(Total Return Fund)中抽回投资。随后又有传言称,格罗斯开始变得行为古怪,与包括埃尔埃里安在内的许多员工交恶。不过最后一个可能迫使他离开的原因,和格罗斯没有多少关系,而是和女儿留给他的一张清单有关。

Writing for Worth Magazine, El-Erian told the story of one night, when he was urging his daughter to brush her teeth. In response, she provided “a list that she had compiled of her important events and activities that I had missed due to work commitments.
在为《价值》杂志(Worth Magazine)撰写的一篇文章中,埃尔埃里安写道,有一天晚上他催女儿去刷牙,结果她却拿出了“一张清单,上面列满了由于工作安排我都错过了她的哪些重要活动。”

“Talk about a wake-up call,” El-Erian wrote.

Allianz, Pimco’s parent company, hired El-Erian as a chief economic adviser, where he works part-time. Proof that work-life balance is attainable for some.


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