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笔译:《菜根谭》英译(精诚所至 金石为开)

2016-03-29    来源:en84    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

 人心一真,便霜可飞,城可陨,金石可贯。若伪妄之人,形骸徒具,真宰已亡,对人则面目可憎,独居则形影自愧。

 
【译文】一个人的精神修养功夫如果能达到至诚地步,就可以感动上天变不可能为可能,邹衍受了委屈感动了上天竟在盛夏降霜为他打抱不平,杞植的妻子由于悲痛丈夫战死竟然哭塌了城墙;甚至就连最坚固的金石也会由于精诚所至而把它凿穿。反之一个人如果心存虚伪邪恶的念头,那他只不过是空有人护形体架势而已,肉体虽存但灵魂早已死亡,与人相处会使人觉得面目可憎而惹人讨厌;一人独处,面对自己的影子也会觉得万分羞愧。
 
【英文译文】When a man’s mind reaches the point of perfect sincerity he can move Heaven and Earth: Snow can fall in summer, city walls can crumble, and adamantine rock can be carved. The false man is nothing but an empty shell; he has lost his innate nature and is hateful in the sight of others. When he is alone, he is consumed with self-loathing.
(保罗·怀特 译)
 
Complete sincerity of a man could let frostworks fall in June, make city walls collapse by wail and get metal and stone affected. But for a treacherous, hypocritical man, it seems that his soul has already departed and only his body remains. Such a man will disgust people with his repulsive looks while walking in the street and will feel ashamed of himself for his own body and shadow when getting alone.
(周文标 译)
 
Where there is sincerity, heaven can be so moved that there may be frost in summer, the city wall may collapse, and metal and stone may cut easily. A hypocritical man, on the other hand, is a mere corpse without soul, repulsive of appearance in society, ashamed even of his own shadow in seclusion.
(蒋坚松 译)
 
When one’s heart is completely genuine, the frost appears out of season and the castle collapses. Metal and rock can be pierced. False and corrupt people may have shadows of the human form, but in vain, for true authority is missing. They are insufferable in the eyes of others, and in solitude they are ashamed even of their shadows.
(Robert Aitken & Daniel W. Y. Kwok 译)


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