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《中庸》中英文版 第二十五章

2016-04-14    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

《中庸》中英文版 第二十五章

第二十五章 博学--真诚是没有止息的

“故至诚无息。不息则久,久则徵,徵则悠远,悠远则博厚,博厚则高明。博厚,所以载物也;高明,所以覆物也;悠久,所以成物也。博厚配地,高明配天,悠久无疆。如此者,不见而章,不动而变,无为而成。天地之道,可壹言而尽也。其为物不贰,则其生物不测。天地之道,博也,厚也,高也,明也,悠也,久也。

Hence to entire sincerity there belongs ceaselessness.

Not ceasing, it continues long. Continuing long, it evidences itself.

Evidencing itself, it reaches far. Reaching far, it becomes large and substantial. Large and substantial, it becomes high and brilliant.

Large and substantial;-this is how it contains all things. High and brilliant;-this is how it overspreads all things. Reaching far and continuing long;-this is how it perfects all things.

So large and substantial, the individual possessing it is the co-equal of Earth. So high and brilliant, it makes him the co-equal of Heaven. So far-reaching and long-continuing, it makes him infinite.

Such being its nature, without any display, it becomes manifested; without any movement, it produces changes; and without any effort, it accomplishes its ends.

The way of Heaven and Earth may be completely declared in one sentence.-They are without any doubleness, and so they produce things in a manner that is unfathomable.

The way of Heaven and Earth is large and substantial, high and brilliant, far-reaching and long-enduring.

“今夫天,斯昭昭之多,及其无穷也,日月星辰系焉,万物覆焉。今夫地,一撮土之多,及其广厚,载华岳而不重,振河海而不泄,万物载焉。今夫山,一卷石之多,及其广大,草木生之,禽兽居之,宝藏兴焉。今夫水,一勺之多,及其不测,鼋鼍、蛟龙、鱼鳖生焉,货财殖焉。《诗》曰:‘惟天之命,于穆不已!’盖曰天之所以为天也。‘于乎不显,文王之德之纯!’盖曰文王之所以为文也,纯亦不已。

The Heaven now before us is only this bright shining spot; but when viewed in its inexhaustible extent, the sun, moon, stars, and constellations of the zodiac, are suspended in it, and all things are overspread by it. The earth before us is but a handful of soil; but when regarded in its breadth and thickness, it sustains mountains like the Hwa and the Yo, without feeling their weight, and contains the rivers and seas, without their leaking away.

The mountain now before us appears only a stone; but when contemplated in all the vastness of its size, we see how the grass and trees are produced on it, and birds and beasts dwell on it, and precious things which men treasure up are found on it. The water now before us appears but a ladleful; yet extending our view to its unfathomable depths, the largest tortoises, iguanas, iguanodons, dragons, fishes, and turtles, are produced in it, articles of value and sources of wealth abound in it.

It is said in the Book of Poetry, "The ordinances of Heaven, how profound are they and unceasing!" The meaning is, that it is thus that Heaven is Heaven. And again, "How illustrious was it, the singleness of the virtue of King Wan!" indicating that it was thus that King Wan was what he was. Singleness likewise is unceasing.

【原文】

故至诚无息(1),不息则久,久则征(2),征则悠远,悠远则博厚,博厚则高明。博厚,所以载物也;高明,所以覆物也;悠久,所以成物也。博厚配地,高明配天,悠久无疆(3)。如此者,不见而章(4) 不动而变,无为而成。

天地之道,可一言而尽也(5):其为物不贰(6),则其生物不测。天地之道,博也,厚也,高也,明也,悠也,久也。今夫天,斯昭昭之多(7),及其无穷也,日月星辰系焉,万物覆焉。今夫地,一撮土之多,及其广厚,载华岳(8)而不重,振(9)河海而不泄,万物载焉。

今夫山,一卷石(10)之多,及其广大,草木生之,禽兽居之,宝藏兴焉。今夫水,一勺之多,及其不测,鼋、鼍、蛟、龙、鱼、鳖生焉(11),货财殖焉。

《诗》云:“维天之命,於穆不已(12)!”盖曰天之所以为天也。“於乎不显,文王之德之纯!”盖曰文王之所以为文也,纯亦不已。

【注释】

(1)息:止息,休止。(2)征:征验,显露于外。(3)无疆:无穷无尽。(4)见(xian):显现。章:即彰,彰明。(5)一言:即一字,指“诚”字。(6)不贰:诚是忠诚如一,所以不贰。(7)斯:此。昭昭:光明。 (8)华岳:即华山。(9)振:通“整”,整治,引申为约束。(10)一卷(quan)石:一拳头大的石头。卷:通“拳”。

(11)不测:不可测度,指浩瀚无涯。 (12)《诗》云:以下两句诗均引自《诗经•周颂•维天之命》。维,语气词。放(wu)语气词。穆,深远。不已,无穷。不显,”不”通“丕”,即大;显,即明显。

【译文】

所以,极端真诚是没有止息的。没有止息就会保持长久,保持长久就会显露出来,显露出来就会悠远,悠远就会广博深厚,广博深厚就会高大光明。广博深厚的作用是承载万物;高大光明的作用是覆盖万物;悠远长久的作用是生成万物。广博深厚可以与地相比,高大光明可以与天相比,悠远长久则是永无止境。达到 这样的境界,不显示也会明显,不活动也会改变,无所作为也会有所成就。

天地的法则,简直可以用一个“诚”字来囊括:诚本身专一不二,所以生育万物多得不可估量。大地的法则,就是广博、深厚、高大、光明、悠远、长久。今天我们所说的大,原本不过是由一点一点的光明聚积起来的,可等到它无边无际时,日月星辰都靠它维系,世界万物都靠它覆盖。今天我们所说的地,原本不过是由一撮土一撮上聚积起来的,可等到它广博深厚时,承载像华山那样的崇山峻岭也不觉得重,容纳那众多的江河湖海也不会泄漏,世问万物都由它承载了。今大我们所说的山,原本不过是由拳头大的石块聚积起来的,可等到它高大无比时,草木在上面生长,禽兽在上面居住,宝藏在上面储藏。今天我们所说的水,原本不过是一勺一勺聚积起来的,可等到它浩瀚无涯时,蛟龙鱼鳖等都在里面生长,珍珠珊瑚等值价的东西都在里面繁殖。

《诗经》说,“天命多么深远啊,永远无穷无尽!”这大概就是说的天之所以为天的原因吧。“多么显赫光明啊,文王的品德纯真无二!”这大概就是说的文王之所以被称为“文”王的原因吧。纯真也是没有止息的。

【读解】

“生命不息,冲锋不止。”这是军人的风范。

生命不息,真诚不已。这是懦学修身的要求。不仅不已,而且还要显露发扬出来,达到悠远长久、广博深厚、高大光明,从而承载万物,覆盖万物,生成万物。而这正是天地的法则,说穿了,还是由真诚的追求而达到与天地并列为三的终极目的。这使人想到诗人屈原在《桔颂》里的咏叹:“秉德无私,参天地兮!”实质上足一种巨人哲学,一种英雄主义追求。

这种哲学,这种追求在过去的时代里一直是天经地义,不容置疑的止统。直到现代主义兴起,市场经济发达,一种”非英雄化”、“非英雄主义”的思潮出现,这种哲学,这种追求才受到挑战。

“参天地”的巨人是做不了了,不朽的英雄也难当了,但是否真诚的追求也不要了呢?   这倒是摆衣我们这个过渡的时代的一个严峻问题了。

有人说:“无奸不商。”这当然是与“诚”相悖逆的选择。

而你又作何回答,作何选择呢?



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