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中国城市介绍---天津篇(1)

2015-04-15    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

中国城市介绍---天津篇(1)

Tianjin is China's third largest city,an independent municipality with a population of 9.5 million (among which 4. 6 million are urban)that is a major commercial and industrial center as well as the biggest port in north China. 137 kilometers(85 miles) southeast of Beijing,Tianjin is situated at the confluence of five tributaries of the Haihe River,50 km from the Gulf of Bohai. The municipality has 15 subordinate districts and 3 counties.
天津市是中国第三大城市,也是中央直辖市之一,总人口为950万(其中城市人中460万)。天津是华北地区重要的商贸和工业中心,也是该地区最大的港口。天津距北京东南137公里(85英里),位于海河水系五大支流汇合处,距渤海湾50公里,下辖15个区和3个县。

Tianjin is best known for its streetscapes of colonial era buildings,a residue of its status as a Treaty Port after 1858. Now a center of multinational businesses concentrated in the new sateNite city known as TEDA(Tianjin Economic Development Area),Tianjin has an extensive modern infrastructure,and is known for the high quality of its industrial products.
天津以其1858年后殖民时期通商口岸遗留的建筑街景而著称。如今,天津已成为“天津经济开发区”新兴卫星城市的多国商贸业云集的中心,拥有广泛的现代化基础设施,且以其工业产品的高品质而闻名于世。


Tianjin lies in the low reaches of Haihe River,extending across both sides of it.Within the area of Tianjin,there are Haihe River, Ziya New River,Duliujian River,Yongding New River, Chaobai New River and the Ji Canal,etc. They run through the city and down to the sea. The center of the city is 50 kilometers from the coast,120 kilometers from Beijing,Capita! of the country. It is the strategic thoroughfare from the sea to Beijing,and it has been serving as a very important town and the door of the Capital ever since ancient times. Still,Tianjin is a hub of communications,joining the three northern areas of China:the North,the Northeast and the Northwest of China. The straight distances from Tianjin to Shenyang in the Northeast of China,to Baotou in the Northwest,to Xuzhou and Zhengzhou in the South are less than 600 km. What's more,Tianjin is a vital communication line of a dozen of provinces in North China to the sea and it has the largest artificial harbour in North China-Tianjin Harbour. The harbour has over 30 waterways to more than 300 international ports. It is the major passage from the other shore of the Pacific Ocean to the inland of Eurasia and the main access to the sea of the Asia-Europe Transcontinental Bridge. Thus,Tianjing has a prominent geographical advantage,and its strategic position is very important.
天津位于海河下游,地跨海河两岸,境内有海河、子牙新河、独流减河、永定新河、潮白新河和蓟运河等穿流人海。市中心距海岸50公里,离首都北京120公里,是海上通往北京的咽喉要道,自古就是京师门户,畿辅重镇。天津又是连接三北—--华北、东北、西北地区的交通枢纽,从天津到东北的沈阳,西北的包头,南下到徐州、郑州等地,其直线距离均不超过600公里。天津还是北方十几个省市通往海上的交通要道,拥有北方最大的人工港口—-天津港,有30多条海上航线通往300多个国际港口,是从太平洋彼岸到欧亚内陆的主要通道和欧亚大陆桥的主要出海口,其地理区位具显著优势,战略地位十分重要。


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