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中国城市介绍---哈尔滨(2)

2015-06-23    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

中国城市介绍---哈尔滨(2)

Harbin has a long history. It is the original sites of Jin and Qing Dynasties.  In 1115 AD.,Nizhen people in Wanyanaguda set up a regional regime-Jin Dynasty named Darjin with its capital in Ruining. In the year of 1616,Nu Er Ha Chi,the Nizhen leader from Jianzhou,became the Khan and set up Late Jin. In 1636,Late Jin was renamed Qing,the clan of which was called Manchu. In 164,it entered the Pass.  Hereafter, Harbin area was under rule of the Qing Dynasty. At the end of the 19th century,with the building of Dongqing Railway,Harbin developed into a modern city rapidly.
哈尔滨历史悠久,是中国金、清两代王朝的发祥地。公元1115年,完颜部女真人完颜阿骨打建立了区域性政权—金朝,国号大金,定都会宁。1616年,建州女真领袖努尔哈赤称汗,建立“后金”政权。1636年改国号为清,族名为满族,1644年入关,此后,哈尔滨地区属清王朝管辖。19世纪末,随着东清铁路的修筑,迅速发展为近代城市。

Since reform and opening-up,Harbin has changed greatly. Both the national economy and social affairs have made remarkable achievements. It has also over-fulfilled“the Sixth Five-Year Plan Period”,“the Seventh Five-Year Plan Period”,“the Eighth Five-Year Plan Period","the Ninth Five-Year Plan" and "the Tenth Five-Year Plan". Therefore,it has settled a solid foundation for social-economic development of“the Eleventh Five-Year Plan". Among the 40 national major trades,there are 38 in Harbin. More than 4 000 products have been on the markets all over the country,and have found a good sale in more than 100 foreign countries and regions. After decades of construction,Harbin has already developed into a big modernized city with comprehensive industries and vast countryside area as well.


改革开放以来,哈尔滨发生了翻天梭地的变化,国民经济和社会事业取得举世瞩目的成就,超额完成了“六五”、“七五”、“八五”、“九五”和“十五”计划,为“十一五”经济社会发展奠定了坚实的基础。在全国40个大类行业中,哈尔滨有38个,主要产品已达4 000多个,覆盖全国各地,远销100多个国家和地区。经过几十年的建设,哈尔滨已经发展成为一个工业门类齐全,同时又拥有广大农村的现代化城市。


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