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中国城市介绍---杭州(2)

2015-07-16    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

中国城市介绍---杭州(2)

Hangzhou was a small fishing village until late in the sixth century,when the extension of the Grand Canal southward from the Yangtze led to the development of a busy commercial center in the town. It prospered,especially during the peaceful early period of the Tang Dynasty. Its growth was assisted by the development of the lower Yangtze area into the nation's most important agricultural region.
很早以前,杭州曾是个小渔村。直到6世纪末期,大运河从长江往南部扩延,使得这个渔村发展成为镇仁的一个生意繁忙的贸易中心,它也就随之兴旺发达起来,尤其是在唐朝初期的太平年间。加之后来长江下游成为全国最重要的农业区域,促使它更加发展壮大。


Hangzhou underwent dramatic development when the Song Dynasty,pushed south by the Conquering Jin,established its capital there. In a short space of 100 years,the population grew to almost a million and the town flourished as a major trading center. Although the city was partly destroyed by the invading Mongols in the late 13th century,it appeared impressive to Marco Polo when the famous Italian traveler visited the city shortly afterwards. Hangzhou was once capital city for five generations of Wu Yue Kingdom and two generations of Southern Song Dynasty. It was one of the eight ancient capitals of our country.
自宋朝被攻占金兵往南推赶至杭州建都以后,杭州经历r戏剧性的变化.在短短的100年时间里,城市人口发展到近百万,城镇也繁荣兴旺,变成一个主要的贸易中心。13世纪后期,虽然城市的部分地区巡到蒙古人人侵的毁坏,可是在时隔不久造访杭州的著名意大利旅行家马可·波罗的眼里,杭州依然是美丽壮观,令人过目不忘。杭州还曾是五代吴越国和南宋王朝两代建都之地,八大古都之一。


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