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美联储官员普遍支持缩减QE3时间框架

2013-08-22    来源:FT    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Fed unites on plans to ease asset purchases

Federal Reserve officials were nearly united in supporting the slowing of US central bank asset purchases later this year, but divided on the timing of their first move, according to minutes from their last meeting on July 31. They also openly debated delaying the first increase in interest rates.
美联储(Federal Reserve) 7月31日开会的纪要显示,这家美国央行的官员们近乎一致支持从今年晚些时候开始放缓资产购买,但在具体什么时候迈出第一步的问题上存在分歧。他们还就推迟开始上调利率进行了公开辩论。

US Treasury prices fell, while the US dollar extended its advance immediately after the release of the Fed minutes. They show policy makers grappling with what would be their first step towards trimming the monetary support for the US recovery in place in various stages since the financial crisis.
美联储会议纪要发布后,美国国债价格下跌,而美元延续涨势。纪要显示,政策制定者在苦苦思索缩减货币支持的第一步;金融危机爆发后,美联储在不同阶段推出货币支持,以支持美国经济复苏。

The insight into the Fed’s thinking comes against the backdrop of mounting anxiety over the prospect the US central bank will start reducing the supply of easy money.
外界得以洞见美联储的思路之际,各方对美国央行将要开始减少宽松货币供应的前景越来越焦虑。

Equity indices have suffered, bond yields have risen and, in recent days, emerging markets such as India have been plunged to turmoil. The Indian rupee fell to a new low against the dollar yesterday and stocks declined after a central bank promise to inject liquidity into the country’s financial markets provided only temporary relief from a deepening sense of crisis.
各国股指普遍下挫,债券收益率上扬,近日印度等新兴市场陷入动荡。印度卢比昨日相对于美元跌至新低,同时股价下滑。印度央行有关向该国金融市场注入流动性的承诺,只是让人们不断加深的危机感得到暂时缓解。

On Wall Street, stocks fell as the minutes showed policy makers support the timeline for reducing stimulus. The S&P 500, the broad measure of US stocks, fell 0.6 per cent to 1,642 points.
美国股市下跌,因为美联储会议纪要显示,政策制定者支持缩减刺激的时间框架。美国基准股指标普500(S&P 500)下跌0.6%,至1642点。

According to the Fed minutes, “almost all participants” in the meeting were “broadly comfortable” with plans outlined by Ben Bernanke, Fed chairman, to scale back its $85bn a month in monthly bond purchases this year, and wind down entirely by the middle of next year.
根据美联储会议纪要,会上“几乎所有与会者”对美联储主席本•伯南克(Ben Bernanke)概述的计划“大致赞同”;伯南克计划今年晚些时候开始缩减每月850亿美元的债券购买,并在明年年中完全终止。

But they do not appear to have settled on whether the economy was strong enough to withstand a first “tapering” step at the next meeting on September 17-18. “A few members emphasised the importance of being patient and evaluating additional information on the economy before deciding on any changes to the pace of asset purchases,” the minutes said. It noted “a few others” had “suggested that it might soon be time to slow somewhat the pace of purchases”.
但是,对于美国经济是否足够强劲,能够承受在9月17-18日下一次开会时迈出缩减的第一步,官员们似乎未能达成一致。“几名成员强调了保持耐心和评估更多经济信息、然后再就改变资产购买的力度做出任何决定的重要性,”会议纪要称。它指出,“另外几个人”此前“提出,也许不久就可以放慢购买节奏。”

There appeared to be a vigorous discussion within the central bank about lowering the unemployment threshold – now set at 6.5 per cent – for the first rise in interest rates, which are close to zero.
在何时开始上调目前接近于零的利率这个问题上,对于要不要调低失业率门槛(现在设定在6.5%),美联储内部似乎展开了激烈讨论。

Such a move could help alleviate concerns that a move by the Fed to trim and then end what is known as “quantitative easing” will be quickly followed by increases in interest rates. The Fed has always been keen to separate tapering asset purchases from an actual tightening of monetary policy.
调低失业率门槛将有助于缓解这样的担忧,即美联储缩减然后终止所谓的“量化宽松”之后,将紧接着开始加息。美联储一直强调要区分缩减资产购买与实际收紧货币政策。

The minutes said “there was support for maintaining the current numerical thresholds in the forward guidance” – but also noted that “several participants were willing to contemplate lowering the unemployment threshold” under some circumstances.
会议纪要称,“对于保持前瞻性指引中的现行数字门槛,存在一定支持”,但又指出,“数名与会者(在某些情况下)愿意考虑调低失业率门槛”。(FT)



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