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经济改善或助奥巴马一臂之力

2014-01-27    来源:voanews    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

As President Obama prepares to give a key annual address to the nation, he faces political problems that have hurt his approval ratings. Experts say he may get some political help over the next year, as a gradually improving U.S. economy helps heal the battered housing sector and reduces unemployment.

美国总统奥巴马将于星期二晚上到国会发表今年的国情咨文讲话。由于一些政治问题,奥巴马总统在民意调查中得到的支持率有所下降。不过专家说,在今后的一年里,随着美国经济逐步改善,房屋市场复苏和失业率降低,奥巴马可能会在政治上获得帮助。

Severe problems in the housing sector contributed to the recession that threw millions of Americans out of work and out of their homes.

房屋市场的严重问题加重了经济衰退,导致数百万美国人失去工作和住房。

Without jobs, they could not pay mortgages, so banks evicted families and tried to sell houses to recover the loan money. A glut of unsold homes pushed down prices, hurting homeowners, banks, and the overall economy.

失业后,他们无法支付房贷,银行因此把他们赶出家门,试图卖掉他们的房子来偿还贷款。一些卖不出去的房子减价出售,伤害了房屋所有者、银行和整体经济。

But now the economy is growing again, and home sales are up, according to RealtyTrac Vice President Daren Blomquist, who spoke to VOA via Skype. "We saw a great bounceback in the housing market in 2013 in terms of prices, home price appreciation, and sales," he said.

不过现在经济再次增长,房屋销售增加。美国房地产咨询公司RealtyTrac的副总裁达伦·布鲁姆基斯特通过SKYPE对美国之音说:“我们在2013年看到房地产市场大幅反弹,无论是房屋价格、房屋升值率还是销售量都有所上升。”

Blomquist said prices rose as investors bought houses, and families got back into the market, though he expects the market to improve more slowly this year.

布鲁姆基斯特说,随着投资人进入房屋市场以及家庭购买房屋,房屋价格出现了上涨。但是他预计,房市今年的改善步伐会放慢。

The president may talk about gains in the housing market and the improving unemployment situation in this year's State of the Union speech.

奥巴马总统可能会在今年的国情咨文中谈到房屋市场出现的好转以及失业状况的改善。

When he took office, unemployment centers were busy and the jobless rate was headed above 10 percent.

奥巴马上任时,失业扶助中心应接不暇,失业率超过了10%。

It took years for the unemployment rate to fall to the current 6.7 percent, which still leaves more than 10 million people out of work. Four million of them have been jobless for six months or longer, which is worse than previous recessions.

经过数年的努力,失业率总算降至目前6.7%的水平,即使这样也仍然有1000多万人失业,其中400万人已经失业6个月或者更长的时间,这比前一次的衰退更糟糕。

But recent economic reports show growth, construction, manufacturing, consumer confidence and other important measures mostly improving. They also show the jobless rate heading down in the future.

不过最近的经济报告显示出增长趋势,建筑业、制造业、消费者信心和其他重要指标大多都有所改善。报告还显示未来失业率将会进一步下降。

Aparna Mathur, who researches the economy at the American Enterprise Institute, said, "The long-term trend suggests we are heading in the right direction. We might reach pre-recession [unemployment] levels of five percent over the next couple of years “

阿帕那·马图尔是美国智库企业研究所的经济研究员。他说:“长期趋势显示,我们正朝着正确的方向前进。在未来几年里,我们有可能恢复到衰退前失业率为5%的水平。”

Many economists say presidents usually get too much blame when the economy goes badly - and too much credit when things go well.

很多经济学家说,当经济不好时,总统总是受到太多责备;而当经济好转时,又得到过多称赞。

The chief economist for the Associated General Contractors, Ken Simonson, said it is mostly private business, rather than the government, that drives the economy. But he said things have gotten better on Obama's watch. "I'm sure that he will take credit for the sharp drop in unemployment rates that we have seen in recent months and for the gradual, but always positive, change in jobs over the last three and a half years."

美国总承包商协会的首席经济学家肯·西蒙森说,主要是私企而不是政府主导着经济的发展走向。但是他指出,对于奥巴马来说,现在情况是越来越好。他说:“我肯定他会因为我们看到的最近几个月失业率的大幅降低以及过去三年半里,缓慢但是逐渐好转的就业情况而得到称赞。”

Simonson pointed out, though, that the president's Republican rivals certainly will be quick to offer a rebuttal -- and point out that the jobless rate remains higher than what most Americans view as normal.

但是西蒙森说,总统的共和党对手们肯定会很迅速地加以反驳,并且指出失业率仍然比大多数美国人认为正常的比例要高。



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