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AAA级主权债券逐年递减

2014-04-01    来源:FT    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Triple A government debt ratings fall as financial crisis takes toll

The triple A government bond is dead. Long live the double A bond.
AAA级政府债券已死。AA级债券万岁。

The global pool of government bonds given a top triple A “risk free” rating by all three main credit rating agencies has fallen 6 per cent over the past year and by more than 60 per cent since 2007, according to a Financial Times analysis.
英国《金融时报》分析显示,全球范围内,得到三大信用评级机构AAA“无风险”评级的政府债券规模去年下降6%,自2007年以来累计下降逾60%。

If ratings from the three rating agencies are averaged, the pool of government bonds in the double A band has overtaken the triple As to become the largest category in sovereign debt markets.
如果取三大评级机构的平均评级,那么AA级政府债券已经取代AAA级,成为主权债务市场规模最大的一个类别。

The shift highlights how the huge cost of the financial crisis and the eurozone’s debt woes have undermined the creditworthiness of the world’s advanced economies. Governments have been forced to bail out banks while the slump in economic growth stretched the public finances.
这一变化凸显出金融危机的巨大代价,以及欧元区债务危机对全球发达经济体信用度的影响。政府被迫纾困银行,与此同时经济增长下滑令公共财政捉襟见肘。

“Relying exclusively on the so-called triple A standard to reliably measure the safety of sovereign assets seems, indeed, perilous,” the OECD warned in a report last week.
经合组织(OECD)上周在一份报告中警告:“单单通过所谓的AAA级标准来可靠地衡量主权资产的安全性,似乎确实很危险。”

But if governments with a double A rating, or even a single A were included, there was no shortage of “safe assets” in the financial system, the OECD ­concluded.
但OECD总结称,如果加上AA级乃至A级的政府,则金融体系并不缺少“安全资产”。

The FT analysis shows that ratings have stabilized globally over the past year and there are signs of possible future improvement in Europe, but there is little chance of a rapid turnaround in developed markets.
英国《金融时报》的分析表明,过去一年全球范围内的评级趋于稳定,欧洲也展现出未来有望好转的迹象,但发达市场突然扭转局面的希望渺茫。

The US, France and the UK are among countries that have lost their triple A status in the past few years.
美国、法国和英国均在过去数年失去了AAA评级。

The Netherlands has joined the list of countries that have lost their “nine A status” – a triple A rating from all three agencies.
荷兰也加入了失去“9A评级”——即三大机构均给出AAA评级——的国家之列。

That has reduced the pool of nine A debt by 6 per cent to $5.9tn, equivalent to just 11 per cent of all government bonds rated by the agencies.
9A级债务的总规模下降6%,至5.9万亿美元,仅相当于上述机构评级的所有政府债券的11%。(FT)



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