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欧元区外围国家仍债台高筑

2014-04-21    来源:FT    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Eurozone periphery nurses debt wounds

The eurozone periphery countries will have to pay more than €130bn this year just to meet the interest payments of mounting debts, a servicing burden almost three times as high as the rest of the single currency area.
欧元区外围国家债务日益增多,今年仅为支付利息就必须支出1300多亿欧元,偿债负担几乎是欧元区其他地区的3倍。

The figures – which have been calculated by the Financial Times from International Monetary Fund data – underscore the deep wounds left by the eurozone crisis in spite of the high demand for peripheral eurozone debt in recent months.
这一数字是英国《金融时报》根据国际货币基金组织(IMF)的数据计算得出的,它凸显了欧元区危机所留下的深层创伤,尽管近几个月欧元区外围国家的债务面临较高需求。

Although falling bond yields have eased borrowing costs markedly during the past two years, weak economic recoveries and still-extensive budget deficits mean that the interest bill for Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain is still climbing.
虽然过去两年时间里,不断下降的债券收益率明显减少了借贷成本,但疲弱的经济复苏以及仍广泛存在的预算赤字意味着,葡萄牙、爱尔兰、意大利、希腊和西班牙的利息支出仍在攀升。

“High debt levels and economic misery is clearly a political problem,” said Ebrahim Rahbari, a senior economist at Citi. “Even if we start to see their debt ratios stabilize and even start to tick down, they will remain extremely high for a long time, which means they’re very vulnerable to any further shocks.”
“较高的债务水平和经济困难显然是政治问题。”花旗(Citi)高级经济师易卜拉欣•拉赫巴里(Ebrahim Rahbari)说,“即使我们开始看到它们的债务比率开始企稳,甚至有所下降,这些比率也仍将长期盘踞在极高水平,这意味着这些国家在任何进一步冲击面前十分脆弱。”

The figures, calculated from this month’s IMF World Economic Outlook database shows that the debt servicing burden of the eurozone periphery accounts for almost 10 cents in every euro of revenues received by the governments.
从本月IMF《世界经济展望》(World Economic Outlook)所含数据计算得出的利息支出数字,显示了欧元区外围国家的偿债负担,在政府收到的每一欧元财政收入中,有近0.1欧元要用来偿债。

In the other 13 eurozone countries, the same burden averages only 3.5 per cent with the difference in the debt service burden between the indebted periphery and the rest of the zone forecast to rise over the next five years.
其他13个欧元区国家的偿债负担平均仅为3.5%。未来5年期间,预计负债累累的外围国家和欧元区其他地区之间的偿债负担差异将上升。

The high levels of debt service, even with lower interest rates, will erode these countries’ ability to invest and maintain social security nets. Portugal’s €7.3bn interest bill this year exceeds its education spending and almost matches its health budget.
即便利率已降低,但高水平的偿债负担将削弱这些国家投资和维持社保的能力。葡萄牙今年73亿欧元的利息支出超出了该国的教育支出,而且接近其医疗预算。(FT)



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