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双语:中国名校故事知道多少--清华篇

2015-04-21    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

双语:中国名校故事知道多少--清华篇

General Information
基本概况

Tsinghua University is one of the most famous universities in China.Located in the northwestern suburbs of Beijing——the capitla city of China, Tsinghua University was bulit on the site of "Tsinghua Yuan",a former royal garden of Qing Dynasty, with on area of 386.34 hectares. Tsinghua University is also one of the state "Project 211" universities. Tsinghua University is a national key comprehensive research-orientated university with science, engineering, literoture,liberal arts, history , philosophy, economics, administration, low, education and medicine.
清华大学是中国著名高等学府,坐落于北京西北郊风景秀丽的清华园——清朝的皇室花园,占地达386.34 公顷。清华大学是国家"211工程"建设的高校,是一所具有理学、工学、文学、艺术学、历史学、哲学、经济学、管理学、法学、教育学和医学等学科的综合性、研究型大学。

Tsinghua University was established in 1911 originally as "Tsinghua Xuetang ," a preparatory school for students who would be sent by the government to study in universities in the United States. The school wos renamed "Tsinghua School" in 1912. The university section was instituted in 1925 and undergraduate students were then enrolled. The name "National Tsinghua University" was adopted in 1928, and in 1929 the Research Institute was set up.
清华大学的前身是清华学堂,成立于1911年,当初是清政府建立的留美预备学校。1912年更名为清华学校。1925年设立大学部,同年开办研究院(国学门) ,1928 年更名为"国立清华大学"。

The university currently has over 7100 faculty and staff, with 34 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and 31 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 77 special professors of "Cheungkong Scholars program", 5 teaching masters, 94 outstanding youth receiving national scientific fund , over 900 full professors and 1200 associate professors (including 938 doctoral supervisors). Tsinghua University has a total enrolment of 26934 students of all kinds, including 13709 undergraduates, 6467master candidates,4997 doctoral candidates and 1761 foreign students. The university comprises 13 colleges with 54 departments, 0ver 130 institutes (research centers) , 11 state key labs and 4 state engineering research centers. It has 60 specialties for undergraduates, 1 specialty for the second Bachelor's degree, 26 doctorate or master programs in first-level disciplines, 1 single master program in first-level discipline, 17 doctorate or master programs in second-level disciplines, 38 single master program in second-level discipline, 170 specialties for master candidates and 128 specialties for doctoral candidates, 49 state key disciplines and 30 post-doctor research stations.
清华大学现有教职工7100余人,其中中国科学院院士34名、中国工程院院士31名、长江特聘教授77人、教学名师5人、国家杰出青年科学基金94人、900余名教授、1200余名副教授(其中博士生导师938名)。清华大学有26934名各类在校学生,其中普通本科学生13709人、硕士生6467人、博士生4997人、1761名留学生,共有13个学院54个系、130多个研究所(中心)、11个国家重点实验室、4个国家工程研究中心;60个本科专业,一个第二学士学位专业,博士、硕士学位授权的一级学科26个,有硕士学位授予权的一级学科一个。有博士、硕士学位授予权的二级学科17个,有硕士学位授权的二级学科38个, 170个硕士点,128个博士点, 49个全国重点学科, 30个博士后流动站。

Tsinghua University Library consists of 4 professional libraries, namely library of humanities, library of economy and administration, library of architecture, library of art. It has a collection of more than 4 million books.
清华大学图书馆由校图书馆及人文、经管、法律、建筑和美术等专业图书馆组成,馆藏总量已经达到400多万册(件)。

To fully implement the "China Education Reform and Development Program" ,Tsinghua University has set new development targets for the next 15 years. Educational quality and effectiveness will be improved and disciplinary structure will be adjusted. Based on our strength in engineering, the university will promote the development of science and management departments. Humanities and social sciences will stress particular areas with high academic standards.
为了全面贯彻"中国教育改革与发展规划",清华大学制定了今后十五年的展目标,要提高教学质量,调整学科建设,要以工科的雄厚实力为基础,推动理科和管理学科的发展,尤其要提高人文自然学科的学术水平。


In less than 100 years, Tsinghua University has witnessed and shared the hardships and glories of the nation. The university's motto of "Self-discipline and Social Commitment" has inspired many generations of Tsinghua teachers and students to struggle for the prosperity of China. Now, striving to build Tsinghua University into a world-class university by its 100th anniversary in 2011 has become the objective of each member of the teaching staff and the student body.
在不到一百年的历史里,清华大学目睹并亲身经历了国家的荣辱,"自强不息、厚德载物"的校训激励着清华一代代师生为了祖国的繁荣昌盛而奋斗。当今,努力在2011年建校一百周年之际把清华建设成世界一流大学已经成为每一个师生的奋斗目标。

Glorious History
历史变迁

In 1911, Establishment of "Tsinghua Xue Tang", later changed to "Tsinghua School" (preparatory school for students to study in the USA).
1911年建立"清华学堂"后更名为"清华学校"(留美预备学校)。

In 1925, the university section was instituted and undergraduate students were then enrolled.
1925年设立大学部,同年开办研究院。

In 1928, the name "National Tsinghua University" was adopted with 16 deparments in four schools: Liberal Arts, Law, Sciences, and Engineering.
1928年更名为国立清华大学,有文、法、理、工4个学院, 16个系。

In 1937, Tsinghua University moved to Changsha City and merged with Peking University and Nankai University to form "Changsha Temporary University" .
1937年南迁长沙与北京大学、南开大学联合组成国立长沙临时大学。

In 1938, National Temporary University of Changsha moved to Kunming and was renamed the National Southwestern Associated University.
1938年长沙临时大学迁到昆明,更名国立西南联合大学。

In 1946, it returned to original campus - "Qing Hua Yuan" in Beijing, with 26 departments in five schools: Liberal Arts, Law, Sciences" Engineering , and Agriculture and 26 departments.
1946年迁回北京清华园复校,有文、法、理、工、农5个学院, 26个系。

In 1952, anationwide restructuring of institutes of higher education was initiated, and Tsinghua University became a multidisciplinary polytechnic university.
1952年经全国高校院系调整,成为多科性工业大学。

In 1984, the graduate school was formed and it was the first one in universities of the country.
1984年设立国内高校中第一个研究生院。

In 1999, Tsinghua established the School of Arts and Design by merging with the Central Academy of Arts and Design.
1999年原中央工艺美术学院并人,成为清华大学美术学院。

In 2003, Huaxin Hospital and Yuquan Hospital which had belonged to the Ministry of Information and Industry merged to form the first accessorial hospital and the second accessorial hospital of the university.
2003年原隶属信息产业部的华信医院(原酒仙桥医院)和玉泉医院正式并人。


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