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《增广贤文》汉英对照(1-20)

2014-02-19    来源:en84    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

《增广贤文》是中国明代时期编写的儒家儿童启蒙书目。又名《昔时贤文》、《古今贤文》。书名最早见之于明代万历年间的戏曲《牡丹亭》,据此可推知此书最迟写成于万历年间。此书集结了从古到今的各种格言、谚语。后来,经过明、清两代文人的不断增补,才改成现在这个模样,称《增广昔时贤文》,通称《增广贤文》。作者一直未见任何书载,只知道清代同治年间儒生周希陶曾进行过重订,很可能是民间创作的结晶。

昔时贤文,
诲汝谆谆,
集韵增文,
多见多闻。
观今宜鉴古,
无古不成今。
The wisdom of ancient aphorisms
Has been instructing people earnestly,
This expanded poetic collection of them
Can add knowledge to your philosophy.
Consult history when observing reality,
Reality does not exist without history.

贤乃国之宝,
儒乃席上珍。
农工与商贾,
皆宜敦五伦。
孝弟为先务,
本立而道生。
尊师以重道,
爱众而亲仁。
In a country,
The learned virtuous and capable people
Should be the most valuable;
At a feast, the talents of learned people
Should be the most desirable.
To educate farmers, workers and businessmen,
Are the five ethical principles*.
Filial duty and brotherhood
Are the most important,
As in forming a theory,
The core is fundamental.
Respect teachers and value their instruction,
Love the ordinary and live closely
With benevolent people.

* These are about the relationship between a monarch and his officials, a father and his children, a husband and his wife, the relationship between brothers and the relationship between friends.

钱财如粪土,
仁义值千金。
做事须循天理,
出言要顺人心。
心术不可得罪于天地,
言行要留好样与儿孙。
除富贵地,
要矜怜贫贱的痛痒;
当少壮时,
须体念衰老的酸辛。
Money and wealth are pure emptiness,
Humanity and justice are truly priceless.
Behave in accordance with heavenly purposes,
Speak to comply with popular wishes.
Your intentions
Should not offend heaven and earth;
For the sake of your descendants,
Your words and deeds should set a good example.
If rich and noble,
You should pity the hardships
Of the poor and humble;
When young and vigorous,
You should understand the difficulties
Of the old and feeble.



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