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《增广贤文》汉英对照(40-60)

2014-02-26    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

《增广贤文》是中国明代时期编写的儒家儿童启蒙书目。又名《昔时贤文》、《古今贤文》。书名最早见之于明代万历年间的戏曲《牡丹亭》,据此可推知此书最迟写成于万历年间。此书集结了从古到今的各种格言、谚语。后来,经过明、清两代文人的不断增补,才改成现在这个模样,称《增广昔时贤文》,通称《增广贤文》。作者一直未见任何书载,只知道清代同治年间儒生周希陶曾进行过重订,很可能是民间创作的结晶。

 

三人同行,
必有我师。
择其善着而从,
其不善者改之。
养心莫善于寡欲,
无恒不可作巫医。
狎昵恶少,
久必受其累;
屈志老成,
急则可相依。
心口如一,
童叟无欺。
人有善念,
天必佑之。
过则无惮改,
独则毋自欺。
道吾好者是吾贼,
道吾恶者是吾师。
When you are together with another two,
You can find at least one
Who can be your teacher in some way.
Try to absorb others' merits,
But refuse and overcome their demerits.
You cannot become even a witch doctor
If you have no perseverance;
To cultivate your character,
Getting away from desires is the best way.
If you are on close terms
With malicious juveniles,
You must be implicated in their wrongdoing
After a long time;
If you modestly make friends
With old heads over young shoulders,
You may rely on them
When you are in an emergency.
Think and say in the same way,
Even children and the aged
Should not be cheated.
You will be blessed and protected by heaven,
If you cherish ideas of charity.
When alone, do not cheat yourself;
When you have made mistakes,
Do not be afraid of having them corrected.
The person who criticizes you
Is often your teacher,
The person who flatters you
Is often your thief.

入观庭户知勤惰,
一出茶汤便见妻。
父老奔驰无孝子,
要知贤母儿衣。
入门休问荣枯事,
观看容颜便得知。
养儿代老,
积谷防饥。
A glimpse at the tea or soup
Made by a housewife
Is letting you see her in advance;
Only look at the courtyard,
And you will know
Whether a household is lazy or diligent.
Look at a child's clothes,
And you will know
Whether he has a capable mother;
If old parents still work hard,
They certainly have no filial children.
When you visit a family,
You need not ask how they are doing;
Observe their looks
And you will know everything.
Bring up your children for your late years,
Accumulate grain for possible famines.

常将有日思无日,
莫待无时想有时。
守己不贪终是稳,
利人所有定遭亏。
美酒饮当微醉候,
好花看到半开时。
当路莫栽荆棘树,
他年免挂子孙衣。
望于天,
必思己所为;
望于人,
必思己所施。
贪了牲禽的滋益,
必招性分的损;
占了人事的便宜,
必受天道的亏。
When you have something,
Often think of possible days
When you do not have it;
Do not wait until days
When you can only recall memories
Of having had it.
Guarding what belongs to you without greed
Can make you stable,
Coveting others' belongings
Can only bring you losses.
Good wine is most enjoyable
When slightly intoxicating,
Beautiful flowers are most admirable
When half in blossom.
Do not plant thistles and thorns
In people's way,
Which may well catch on the clothes
Of your own descendants.
When gazing at the sky,
You should think about what you have done;
When gazing at people,
You should think about
What you have given them.
You will suffer in your innermost being
When eating beasts and birds
To get nourishment;
If you grab advantages unfairly
From people and things,
You must receive heavenly punishment.



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