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《增广贤文》汉英对照(60-80)(4)

2014-02-27    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

早起三光,
迟起三慌。
顺天者存,
逆天者亡。
世路风波,
炼心之境;
人情冷暖,
忍性之场。
爽口食多终作疾,
快心事过必生殃。
汤武以谔谔而昌,
桀纣以唯唯而亡。
A person who gets up later is hurried,
A person who gets up early enjoys leisure.
People who resist heaven's wil will perish,
People who submit to heaven's will will prosper.
The hardships of the world train your heart,
The coldness of human relationships
Strengthens your character.
Too much good food causes disease,
Too many happy things turn into a disaster.
Because of using obedient fawners,
Kings Xia Jie and Shang Zhou perished;
Because of accepting criticism,
Kings Shang Tang and Zhou Wu prospered.

量窄气大,
发短心长。
善必寿考,
恶必早亡。
与治同道罔不兴,
与乱同事罔不亡。
富贵定要依本分,
贫穷不必枉思量。
福不可邀,
养喜神以为招福之本;
祸不可避,
去杀机以为远祸之方。
贪他一斗米,
失却半年粮;
争他一脚豚,
反失一肘羊。
不贪为宝,
两不相伤。
A person with short hair
May not be short of cleverness,
A person who lacks tolerance
Does not have a good temper.
If you do good, you can live longer.
If you do evil, you will die younger.
Cooperating with honesty and worthy partners
Surely leads to success,
Working with cheating and crafty partners
Never gets away from failure.
When poor,
Prevent your thoughts from getting wild;
When rich, keep your deeds proper.
Good fortune cannot be pursued by force,
The sole way to get near it
Is by cultivating a kind spirit;
Bad fortune cannot be avoided by force,
The only way to leave it
Is to abandon your intention to harm others.
Struggling for a pig foot
Makes you sacrifice a sheep leg
Coveting a bag of rice
Makes you lose grain for half a year.
When avarice is given up,
People do not harm one another.

画水无风偏作浪,
绣花虽好不闻香。
贫无达士将金赠,
病有高人说药方。
三生有幸,
一饭不忘。
见善如不及,
见恶如探汤。
隐逸林中无荣辱,
道义路上泯炎凉。
秋至满山皆秀色,
春来无处不花香。
Water in a painting raises waves
Although there is no wind accompanying,
Embroidered flowers have no fragrance
Even if they are good looking.
A poor person rarely gets alms,
A patient is usually given a prescription.
A narrow escape from starvation
Is extremely fortunate,
A life-saving meal should never be forgotten.
Benevolence attracts like a magnet,
Malevolence repels like boiling oil.
A moral man is free from cruelty
In human dealings,
A recluse does not care about
Honour and humiliation.
Autumn makes mountains colourful,
Spring makes air fragrant.

恶忌阴,
善忌阳。
穷灶门,
富水缸。
家贼难防,
偷断屋粮。
坐吃如山崩,
游嬉则业荒。
居身务期质朴,
训子要有义方。
富若不教子,
钱谷必消亡;
贵若不教子,
衣冠受不长。
能师孟母三迁教,
定卜燕山五桂芳。
国有贤臣安社稷,
家无逆子恼爹娘。
Do not conceal your malevolence,
Do not publicise your benevolence.
Keep your water vat full,
Do not pile too much firewood in your kitchen.
A domestic thief is hard to guard against,
He can erase your fortune.
A collapsing mountain
Symbolizes consumption without creation,
A career is ruined by mere recreation.
Lead a simple life,
And find good ways to educate your children.
If children in a rich family are not taught,
Exhausted will be their wealth;
If children in a noble family are not taught,
Lost will be their position.
Learn the spirit of Mencius' mother
In moving three times in order to
Find him a good educational environment,
Follow Dou Yujun's ways
In bringing up five children all eminent.
Learned virtuous and capable officials
Stabilize a country,
Unfilial children upset their parents.



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