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双语:长相气质好的人 不容易生病?

2015-12-07    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

双语:长相气质好的人 不容易生病?

Attractive people are less likely to get tinnitus — and asthma, diabetes, and high blood pressure, according to new research.
根据最新研究,相貌好看的人不太容易患上耳鸣、哮喘、糖尿病以及高血压。


The more physically attractive men and women are rated, the more unlikely they are to suffer from a wide range of health problems, from high cholesterol to depression.
外貌出众的人在高胆固醇、抑郁症等各种健康问题方面,患病几率都比较低。

They also feel healthier, have less time off work and are diagnosed with fewer physical and mental health conditions during their lifetime.
而且他们一辈子都能过得更健康,不太会请病假,并且身心健康方面也很少出状况。

These extraordinary findings by U.S. researchers are based on a study of 15,000 men and women aged 24 to 35 who have been followed since they were ten.
这一意外发现是由美国研究人员得出的。他们对15000位24-35岁的男女志愿者进行了从十岁时就展开的跟踪调查。

It’s the biggest study yet to find links between attractiveness and good health, and the first to home in on a number of individual diseases.
这是目前在发掘外貌与健康关系方面规模最大的一项调查,并且也是首个针对某些个别疾病的调查。

The researchers, from the University of Cincinnati and other centers, point out that, until now, most studies have been on students.
来自辛辛那提大学及其他中心的研究人员指出,到目前为止,大部分调查对象都还是学生。

Their new research is based on interviews with a nationally representative sample of the U.S. population.
他们的最新研究是基于对全美代表性个例的采访进行的。

And, unlike earlier studies, this is based on the researchers’ ratings of the participantsphysical attractiveness done face-to-face, rather than assessments based on pictures, drawings or videos.
并且,不同于以往的是,这次调查中,研究人员对志愿者外貌的评价是面对面得出的,而不是通过照片、画像或视频。

The researchers, whose work is being published in the journal Evolution And Human Behavior, say that attractiveness may be a marker of good genes, which also signal good health, as well as increasing the likelihood of having healthy offspring.
这项调查的结果已经发表在了《进化与人类行为》杂志上。相关研究人员表示,好相貌可能也是好基因的标志,这也意味着身体健康,以后生育的子女也会健康。

The study involved face-to-face interviews and questionnaires, as well as an analysis of health data.
调查形式有面对面采访和调查问卷,并且还对健康数据进行了分析。

The men and women were quizzed about whether they had been diagnosed with various conditions or suffered symptoms of them.
男女志愿者被问到身体是否出现过各种健康状况,或者显现过某些病症。

Attractiveness rating was based on the assessment made by each interviewer after a 90-minute session.
相貌评分则是由采访者在90分钟面谈后得出的。

The men and women were put into five categories — very unattractive, unattractive, about average, attractive or very attractive.
这些男女志愿者被分成了五类——非常丑、丑、一般、好看、非常好看。


There were direct links between attractiveness and a number of health conditions, and the more attractive the person was rated, the lower the risk of ill-health.
相貌和健康状况之间确实存在直接联系,越是长得好看的人,患病几率就越低。

For each increase in the rating of physical attractiveness for men, there was a 13 per cent reduction in the likelihood of a diagnosis for high cholesterol, a 20 per cent drop in the risk of high blood pressure, a 15 per cent reduction in the probability of being diagnosed with depression, a 23 per cent decrease in the likelihood of an ADHD diagnosis, and a 21?per cent lower likelihood of stuttering.
男性的相貌评分每高一个等级,那么患高胆固醇的几率就会降低13%,患高血压的几率会降低20%,患抑郁症的概率可下降15%,患多动症的几率可下降23%,患上口吃的概率也要低21%。

Women who were rated as more attractive were 21 per cent less likely to be diagnosed with high blood pressure, 22 per cent less likely to have diabetes, 12 per cent less likely to be asthmatic, 17 per cent less likely to suffer from depression, 18 per cent less likely to receive an ADHD diagnosis, 18 per cent less likely to stutter and 13 per cent less likely to have tinnitus.
至于相貌好看的女性,患高血压的几率会降低21%,患糖尿病的几率则降低22%, 患哮喘的几率降低12%,患抑郁症的几率降低17%,患多动症的概率可减少18%,患口吃的概率也可减少18%,而且患耳鸣的几率能降低13%。

Both the men and women who were rated as very physically attractive were also more positive about their own health and had fewer days off work due to illness.
在相貌上都非常出众的男女志愿者对自身健康也更乐观,并且很少因病请假。

They also had a reduced number of chronic disease diagnoses, of psychological disorders and of disease diagnoses overall.
这类人患慢性病、出现心理失衡或其他各类疾病的概率也较低。

The researchers suggest their findings support the theory that attractiveness is a marker of healthy genes.
研究人员认为,这一发现可以印证“好相貌是健康基因的标志”的理论。


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