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双语:披头士歌曲又涉及版权问题

2016-03-29    来源:iyuba    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

双语:披头士歌曲又涉及版权问题

Sir Paul McCartney has filed legal papers in the US, as part of an attempt to reclaim the publishing rights to The Beatles’ back catalogue.
保罗·麦卡特尼爵士已在美国交法律文件,意在收回披头士过往曲目的版权。
 
Although he co-wrote most of the band’s hits, the star has never controlled the publishing.
虽然他合写了乐队大部分歌曲,但从没有控制过版权。
 
However, the US copyright act of 1976 gives writers the opportunity to reclaim the rights after 56 years.
然而,1976年美国版权法案给予创作者在56年之后要回版权的机会。
 
The Lennon-McCartney catalogue becomes available in 2018, and Sir Paul has recently moved to recapture it.
列侬-麦卡特尼曲目在2018年可以被重新要回,保罗爵士最近提出夺回它的要求。
 
According to Billboard, the star filed a termination notice for 32 songs with the US Copyright Office in December.
根据Billboard杂志介绍,该明星在12月份向美国版权局提交了32首歌的终止通知。
 
An unnamed source told the magazine Sir Paul would only regain publishing rights for his half of the compositions, most of which he co-wrote with John Lennon.
一位不愿意透露名字的知情者告诉杂志,保罗爵士只能要回他一半曲目的版权,其中大部分是和约翰·列侬一起写的。
 
Furthermore, the act only applies to the US, so The Beatles’ back catalogue would remain in the hands of Sony / ATV in the rest of the world.
而且,这项法案只在美国有效,所以披头士的过往曲目在世界其他地方还会保留在索尼/ATV公司的手里。
 
Publishing rights determine how a song can be exploited - for example by licensing its use in a film or television programme.

版权决定了一首歌的使用——比如在电影或电视中给予播放许可。
 
The publisher shares any resulting royalties with the songwriters, helping Sir Paul to amass a personal fortune of 730million Pounds.
出版商与音乐人分享版税,这将为保罗爵士个人赚取7亿3千万英镑。
 
But the lack of control over the songs has long been a thorn in the musician’s side.
但缺乏对歌曲的控制权一直是这位音乐人的眼中钉。
 
In the very early days of their career, The Beatles’ manager, Brian Epstein, persuaded Lennon and McCartney to form a publishing company with music impresario Dick James - explaining it would be the smartest way for them to make money from their songs.
在他们的职业生涯最初日子里,披头士的经纪人布赖恩·爱普斯坦劝说列侬和麦卡特尼和音乐人迪克·詹姆斯建立一个出版公司,并解释说这将是他们从歌曲中赚钱的最聪明方式。
 
Within a few years, the band had become bigger than anyone expected and the publishing company - Northern Songs - was floated on the stock market.
几年后,乐队超出人们期望,越来越红,而这个名为“北方音乐”的出版公司则在股票市场上崭露头角。
 
Lennon and McCartney ended up with a 15% share, while James and his partner Charles Silver took 37.5% between them as the company’s chairmen. George Harrison and Ringo Starr were given just 0.8%.
列侬和麦卡特尼获得15%的市场份额,而詹姆斯和他的搭档查理斯·思尔佛成为了该公司的董事长,获得37.5%的份额。乔治·哈里森和林戈·斯塔尔才只有0.8%。
 
In 1967, after Epstein’s death, relations between the band and the chairmen soured - and James abruptly sold the publishing rights to ATV Music for 1.5m pounds, without giving notice to The Beatles, robbing them of the chance to obtain the rights for themselves.
在1967年爱普斯坦死后,该乐队和董事长的关系恶化,詹姆斯在没有通知披头士的情况下,突然把版权以150万英镑的价格卖给了ATV音乐,夺去了他们自己拥有版权的机会。
 
Almost 20 year later, Michael Jackson bought the ATV catalogue for 41.5m dollars, permanently souring his friendship with Sir Paul.
差不多20年后,迈克尔·杰克逊以4150万美元购买了ATV的音乐目录,永久性地破坏了他和保罗爵士的友谊。
 
"I think it’s dodgy to do things like that. To be someone’s friend and then to buy the rug they’re standing on," the Beatle was quoted as saying in J Randy Taraborrelli’s biography of Jackson.
“我觉得这样做太狡猾了。去买一张有你的朋友站在上面的地毯,”在披头士在J兰迪·塔拉博雷利的杰克逊传记里被引述到。
 
In 1995, Jackson sold half of his share in ATV Music to Sony. The Japanese company purchased the remainder of Jackson’s stake earlier this month.
1995年,杰克逊向索尼出卖了他在ATV音乐的一半份额。这家日本公司本月早前购买了杰克逊剩余的份额。
 
While Sir Paul’s motion to terminate copyright is likely to be successful, Lennon’s share in the Beatles’ songs will not return to his estate.

虽然保罗爵士终结版权的行动应该会成功,但列侬写的披头士音乐不会回归他的财产中。
 
Yoko Ono sold the rights to his music to Sony/ATV Music in 2009, with those rights lasting the entire copyright’s lifetime (70 years).

小野洋子于2009年把他的音乐卖给了索尼/ ATV音乐公司,而这些权利会延续至整个版权生命周期(70年)。



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