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James Frederick Ferrier--The True End of Man 汉译

2015-05-12    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

James Frederick Ferrier--The True End of Man 汉译

The True End of Man

James Frederick Ferrier

The philosophy of the Cyrenaic school, founded by Aristippus, proceeds on the assumption that happiness is, in point of fact, the good, the supreme good, or chief end of man; and this assumption, so far from being discountenanced by the philosophy of Socrates, is involved in that philosophy as one of its most vital principles. Viewed as a matter of fact, we must admit that his own happiness, whatever it may consists in, or whatever may be the means to be employed in the attainment, is the end which each individual has most at heart, and at which he ultimately aims. This is the end after which all men most eagerly strive. Happiness is the goal, which, consciously or unconsciously, we are all struggling to reach. Milton has written two epic poems in which he commemorates our fallen and our restored condition. He has written “Paradise Lost” and “Paradise Regained”. But the true epic of humanity—the epic which is in a constant course of evolution from the beginning until the end of time, the epic which is daily poured forth from the heart of the whole human race, sometimes in rejoicing paeans, but oftener amid woeful lamentation, tears, and disappointed hopes—what is it but Paradise sought for?

译文:

人生的真正目的

由亚里斯提卜创建的昔兰尼学派哲学认为,事实上,幸福是人所追求的好的、最好的或主要的目的;这个认识,非但没有遭到苏格拉底学派的反对,而是作为它的最重要的原则之一成为它的一部分。鉴于前面所说是事实,我们必须承认,他自己的幸福,不论其本质特征可能是什么,或不论采取什么方式来获得幸福,是每一个个人心中最重视的目的,也是他最终追求的目标。这是所有的人最渴望争取的目的。幸福是我们所有的人,不论是有意识还是无意识,努力去实现的目标。弥尔顿写了两部史诗,纪念我们堕落和复原的状况。他写了《失落园》和《复乐园》。但人类真正的史诗——从时间的开始到时间的结束一直处于发展过程的史诗,全人类每天每日发自内心的史诗,有时是欢乐的赞歌,但更多的是悲伤、眼泪和失望——除了我们所追求的乐园还能是什么呢?

(刘士聪 译)



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