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John Bunyan--Christian and Faithful Come to Vanity Fair 汉译

2016-02-06    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

John Bunyan--Christian and Faithful Come to Vanity Fair 汉译

Christian and Faithful Come to Vanity Fair

John Bunyan

Then I saw in my Dream, that when they were got out of the Wilderness, they presently saw a Town before them, and the name of that Town is Vanity; and at the Town there is a Fair kept, called Vanity-Fair. It is kept all the Year long: it beareth the name of Vanity-Fair, because the Town where it is kept, is lighter than Vanity; and also, because all that is there sold, or that cometh thither, is Vanity. As is the saying of the wise, All that cometh is Vanity.

This Fair is no new erected business, but a thing of ancient standing; I will show you the original of it.

Almost five thousand years agone, there were Pilgrims walking to the Celestial City, as these two honest persons are; and Beelzebub, Apollyon, and Legion, with their Companions, perceiving by the Path that the Pilgrims made, that their way to the City lay through this Town of Vanity, they contrived here to set up a Fair; a Fair wherein should be sold of of all sorts of Vanity, and that it should last all the year long. Therefore at this Fair are all such Merchandize sold, as Houses, Lands, Trades, Places, Honours, Preferments, Titles, Countries, Kingdoms, Lusts, Pleasures, and Delights of all sorts, as Whores, Bawds, Wives, Husbands, Children, Masters, Servants, Lives, Blood, Bodies, Souls, Silver, Gold, Pearls, Precious Stones, and what not.

And moreover, at this Fair there is at all times to be seen Jugglings, Cheats, Games, Plays, Fools, Apes, Knaves, and Rogues, and that of every kind.

Here are to be seen too, and that for nothing, Thefts, Murders, Adulteries, False-swearers, and that of a blood-red colour.

And as in other Fairs of less moment, there are the several Rows and Streets, under their proper names, where such and such Wares are vended: So here likewise, you have the proper Places, Rows, Streets (viz. Countrys and Kingdoms), where the Wares of this Fair are soonest to be found: Here is the Britain Row, the French Row, the Italian Row, the Spanish Row, the German Row, where several sorts of Vanities are to be sold. But as in other Fairs, some one Commodity is as the chief of all the Fair, so the Ware of Rome and her Merchandize is greatly promoted in this Fair. Only our English Nation, with some others, have taken a dislike thereat.

Now, as I said, the way to the Celestial City lies just through this Town, where this lusty Fair is kept; and he that will go to the City, and yet not go through this Town, must needs go out of the World. The Prince of Princes himself, where here, went through this Town to his own Country, and that upon a Fair-day too: Yea, and as I think, it was Beelzebub, the chief Lord of this Fair, that invited him to buy of his Vanities; yea, would have made him Lord of the Fair, would he but have done him Reverence as he went through the Town. Yea, because he was such a person of Honour, Beelzebub had him from Street to Street, and showed him all the Kingdoms of the World in a little time, that he might, if possible, allure that Blessed One, to cheapen and buy some of his Vanities. But he had no mind to the Merchandize, and therefore left the Town, without laying out so much as one Farthing upon these Vanities. This Fair therefore is an ancient thing, of long standing, and a very great Fair.

Now these Pilgrims, as I said, must needs go through this Fair. Well, so they did; but behold, even as they entered into the Fair, all the people in the Fair were moved, and the Town itself as it were in a Hubbub about them; and that for several reasons: For,

First, The Pilgrims were cloathed with such kind of Raiment as was diverse from the Raiment of any that Traded in that Fair. The people therefore of the Fair made a great gazing upon them. Some said they were Fools, some they were Bedlams, and some they are Outlandish-men.

Secondly, And as they wondered at their Apparel, so they did likewise at their speech, for few could understand what they said; they naturally spoke the Language of Canaan, but they that kept the Fair, were the men of this World: so that from one end of the Fair to the other, they seemed Barbarians each to the other.

Thirdly, But that which did not a little amuse the Merchandizers, was, that these Pilgrims set very light by all their Wares.

译文:

虚幻市

约翰·班扬

接着我又做了一梦,梦中见到,他们走出荒原不久,眼前便是一座城镇,镇名虚幻;镇中有集市一处,市名虚幻市。此集市终年不断:此处为何名为虚幻市?原因集市所在的城镇,要比虚幻还轻;另外也还因为,凡在此处售卖的,或来到这里的,皆是虚幻。恰似智者早就说过的,凡来此的皆是虚幻。

这集市并非是什么新开的营生,而是古已有之;关于此事,且听在下来道个端详。

话说距今五千年前,颇曾有一班香客前去那天上圣城,其情形跟这上述二人,并无两样;于是魔王比埃尔吉波布、恶神阿波龙、污鬼利金及其伙徒,见到众香客之旅程所经,断定其首途圣城,必然道经此虚幻城镇,乃特于此地,开辟集市一处;专销各类各色之虚幻什物,且一年到头,不得止息。因此来此集市待沽之货品计有:房屋、土地、生意、官阶、勋章、升迁、头衔、国土、王国、淫欲、逸乐、娼婊、鸨儿、妻子、丈夫、子女、主人、仆夫、性命、血汗、肉体、灵魂、金银、珠贝、宝石、玉器,人间种种,应有尽有。

不唯此也,集市之中尚可见到戏法、欺诈、赌博、戏曲、丑角、伶官、童仆、乞丐等等,不及备载。

于此另可见到偷窃、凶杀、邪淫、妄证等,后者常着血色衣;凡此皆但凭人随意观看,不取分文。

此处亦略如其他小市那样,到处街巷纵横,且各有各名,各售各货:同样这里的场所街巷也都如此(实亦即众多国家国王),市上各类货色均不愁在此觅到:这里凡有不列颠巷、法兰西巷、西班牙巷、日耳曼巷等,而各类虚幻之物在此也俱不乏售处。但也正如别的集市一般,某种货物在该地乃其要宗,故罗马之什物及其货品在此集市之上便利市颇夥,最受奖掖:仅吾英吉利等诸国对之有所不满而已。

上文俱已提到,通往圣城之路,此镇实为其要冲,而镇中又有此闹市一处;固凡欲前往彼圣城而不愿假道是镇者,诚为世上所无。是故王者之王当年尚在人间时,便曾假道是镇回乡,且其来此,也正逢集日,不仅此也,记忆所及,比埃尔吉波布,亦即此集市之大王,便曾邀他购买他的货物;如其他在经过此镇之际还能对魔王敬重有礼的话,让他做做这个集市主人,也大有可能。不仅此也,他既是一名罕有的贵客,比埃尔吉波布乃亲自引他走遍此地的通衢要路,把天下万国匆匆展示在他眼前,藉以诱使这位有福之人上前龂龂论价,购买他的虚幻什物。但其人却无意购买,而是离镇而去,并未在这些虚幻之物上用去了一个法丁。因此这个集市确实是古已有之,不唯历时久远,而且规模堪称广大。

上文我已说过,这两位香客此番必得路经这个集市。不错,他们的确这般做了;但且看就在二人来到集市之际,整个集市乃立见震动,甚至沸沸扬扬,倾城骚然。此事之理由如下:

其一,两位香客所著服饰固与集市所售服饰迥不相类。因之集市中人自不免对他们好生睇视一番。关于二人,有的说是丑角,有的说是疯汉,有的说是蛮陌之人,其说不一。

其二,人众不唯奇其装束,亦且怪其言语,他们的话,没人懂得;他们自然操的是迦南语,然而集市里却俱是世俗之人:故两个旅客与整个集市中人,彼此实无异陌路。

其三,两位香客于市上所售种种竟概不屑顾,此节颇令市上商贾惊异不置。



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