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年轻人高血压可导致心脏病

2014-02-08    来源:voanews    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

February is heart health month, and a new study that provides clues to young people about keeping their hearts healthy. The study looks at high blood pressure, which can lead to heart attack or stroke. It finds that high blood pressure in people as young as 18 increases their risk for heart disease.

在美国,二月是心脏健康月。美国之音记者皮尔森为我们介绍一份研究,为年轻人保持心脏健康提供了建议。这份研究特别讨论了高血压导致心脏病和中风的可能性。研究发现,如果18岁左右的年轻人罹患高血压,那将增加患心脏病的危险。

High blood pressure increases a person's risk of heart disease, no matter when they develop it. That's why doctors monitor blood pressure so carefully.

高血压增加患者的心脏病风险,不管患者在哪个年龄段开始得高血压。这就是为什么医生那么仔细的监测你的血压。

A new study finds that young adults in their teens and 20's who develop high blood pressure are more at risk for heart disease by the time they reach middle age, 35 to 50 years old, than those whose blood pressure is normal.

新的研究发现,十几岁或20出头的青年,如果患有高血压,他们在35岁到50岁的中年阶段患心脏病的可能性,就会比那些年轻时血压正常的人要大。

Dr. Norrina Allen at Northwestern University took over an ongoing study that started 25 years ago. The study followed blood pressure patterns of men and women between the ages of 18 and 30.

西北大学的阿伦博士在25年前开始一项研究,现在仍在继续。他跟踪18岁到30岁之间的男性和女性的血压模式。

The nearly 5,000 participants fell into common patterns: those whose blood pressure stayed within normal limits; those whose blood pressure was consistently high, and those whose blood pressure rose gradually over time, to levels that were higher than normal, but not high enough for prescription medicines.

将近5千名参与者的血压被分为三类模式。第一类人的血压一直正常。第二类人的血压一直高。第三类人的血压随着时间推移逐渐升高。他们的血压虽然高于正常,但是还不到吃处方药的程度。

“Individuals who had increasing blood pressure in middle age or those who had high blood pressure by the time they hit middle age were at greater risk for development of heart disease by the time they were 50,” said Allen.

西北大学医学研究人员阿伦说:“那些在中年血压升高的人,和那些在中年之前就有高血压的人,在50岁之前患心脏病的风险比较大。”

The researchers also tested to see whether calcium, formed in the arteries of the heart. Calcium build-up can lead to heart attacks.

研究人员还测试了心血管中的钙的形态。这些图像显示的就是钙。钙的累积可能引发心脏病猝发。

“Individuals who had higher blood pressures, or those who increased their blood pressure from young adulthood through middle age, had a higher risk for this calcification, up to an almost four times higher risk,” said Allen.

阿伦说:“高血压患者,以及那些在青年阶段到中年期血压升高的人,心血管钙化的风险比较高。他们比正常人的风险高四倍。”

Most of the young adults with high blood pressure had unhealthy lifestyles. They were overweight, ate fatty foods, didn't exercise, smoked or had a combination of these habits.

多数患血压高的青年人的生活方式不健康。他们体重过重,爱吃油腻食品,不锻炼身体,吸烟,或者兼有以上几种问题。

Two findings came out of this study, your blood pressure when you're young can affect you as you age, and tracking blood pressure from the late teens on could save lives.

新的研究有两个发现。随着年龄的增长,青年人的高血压会影响健康。从20岁之前就开始监测血压,可以拯救生命。

"If we can identify which pattern an individual is likely to fall into, we may be able to identify who’s at risk for the development of heart disease and intervene before they actually develop heart disease,” said Allen.

阿伦说:“如果我们能确定一个人的血压模式会怎样发展,就能确定哪些人的心脏可能出问题。就能在他们真的出问题之前进行干预。”

The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

这项研究发表在美国医学协会杂志上。

Allen said the study is continuing and the researchers are now trying to find out how best to help patients with high blood pressure get healthier.

阿伦博士说,研究在继续,研究者在寻找帮助病人降低高血压的最佳途径。(voanews)



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