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2014-09-09    来源:原版英语学习    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Everyone gets tired now and then but if you constantly feel worn out or your tiredness is severe, it could be a sign of a more serious health problem.

We reveal 11 health conditions that are known to cause fatigue.

1 iron deficiency anaemia
1 缺铁性贫血

Iron deficiency anaemia is one of the most common medical reasons for feeling constantly run down. Affecting around one in 20 men and post-menopausal women, it’s more common in pregnant women and those who are still having periods, especially if they are heavy.

It can be diagnosed with a blood test. Eating iron-rich foods, such as red meat, shellfish and iron-fortified cereals, or taking iron supplements can help.

2 chronic fatigue syndrome
2 长期疲劳症状

If your fatigue has lasted for six months or more and is so severe that you can’t manage daily tasks, chronic fatigue syndrome (also known as myalgic encephalopathy or ME) could be to blame. Along with persistent, unexplained exhaustion, other symptoms include a sore throat, muscle or joint pain and headaches.

There is no test for ME but there are clear guidelines to help doctors diagnose it. While there is no cure or medication, lifestyle changes may help.

3 gluten
3 谷蛋白

This is a type of food intolerance where the body wrongly believes gluten is attacking it, resulting in damage to the lining of the gut. For coeliacs, eating even the smallest crumb of gluten (found in things like bread, cakes and pasta) can cause tiredness along with bloating, diarrhoea, nausea, muscle pain and headaches.

It can be diagnosed with a blood test. There is no medication - the only treatment is to follow a strict gluten-free diet for life.

4 Sleep apnoea
4 睡眠呼吸暂停

Sleep apnoea is a condition where a person stops breathing between loud snores. These pauses in breathing happen when the airways narrow or close completely, depriving the lungs of oxygen. When the brain detects dangerously low levels of oxygen, it automatically wakes the sufferer, so they can return to normal breathing.

Most common in overweight, middle aged men, those with the condition are at increased risk of stroke, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. For many sufferers, the only sign is feeling exhausted the next day. Breathing machines worn at night, plus lifestyle changes, can help.

5 thyroid hormone
5 甲状腺荷尔蒙

People with an underactive thyroid gland have too little thyroid hormone (thyroxine) in their body, which results in tiredness. Other symptoms include weight gain, aching muscles, depression, sensitivity to the cold and dry skin and hair.

It’s most common in women and you’re more at risk the older you are.  Your doctor can diagnose the condition with a blood test. It can be treated with daily hormone tablets.

6 diabetes
6 糖尿病

One of the main symptoms of diabetes is fatigue, along with excessive thirst and urination. Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity and is more common in older people. Type 1 diabetes is far less common and occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. It usually occurs before the age of 40, often during teenage years.

Diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test. Insulin injections and a healthy eating plan can help.

7 viral infection
7 病毒传染

This common viral infection causes severe tiredness along with fever, sore throat and swollen glands. Most cases occur in teenagers and young adults. It is spread through saliva and can be passed by kissing, exposure to coughs and sneezes, or sharing things like cups.

While most symptoms tend to clear up within four to six weeks, the fatigue can last for several more months. It can be diagnosed with a physical examination and blood test. Painkillers are generally prescribed to relieve pain and reduce fever.

8 Depression
8 抑郁

Depression doesn’t just make you feel sad. It can cause physical symptoms too, from aches and pains to tiredness. People with depression often feel drained of energy and find it hard to drop off to sleep or wake up during the night.

Talking therapies, lifestyle changes and medication may help.

9 anxiety
9 愤怒

Like depression, anxiety can cause disturbed sleep. If you can’t remember the last time you didn’t feel anxious or your anxiety feels uncontrollable, your doctor may diagnose you with generalised anxiety disorder (or GAD). Other symptoms include restlessness, irritability and difficulty concentrating.

Again, talking therapies, lifestyle changes and medication may help.

10 Restless legs syndrome
10 多动腿综合症

Restless legs syndrome is a common condition affecting the nervous system. Sufferers experience an uncomfortable feeling in their legs, often felt as a crawling or creeping sensation, which keeps them awake at night. An overwhelming urge to keep moving the legs, a deep ache, or legs that jerk spontaneously disrupts sleep and causes tiredness.

Depending on the severity of symptoms, lifestyle changes or medication may be offered.

11 Multiple sclerosis (MS)
11 多发性硬化症

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune condition affecting the transfer of nerve signals in the brain and spinal cord, causing a wide range of symptoms, from problems with muscle movement and balance to loss of vision (usually only in one eye) and serve tiredness.

Diagnosing MS is complicated and may require referral to a neurologist. There is currently no cure but treatments including medication and physiotherapy may help.

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