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双语:北京纲领:构建融合、创新、互联的亚太(3)

2014-11-14    来源:chinadaily    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

二、促进经济创新发展、改革与增长
II. Promoting Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth


28.我们认识到,经济创新发展、改革与增长三者互补互进,将决定亚太经合组织共同繁荣的前景。我们认识到,亚太地区正处于经济转型的关键时期,我们将致力于加快改革和创新步伐,探索新兴增长领域,巩固亚太地区全球经济增长引擎地位。我们同意加强宏观经济政策协调,实现协同增效,为本地区经济强劲、可持续、平衡和包容增长创造良好政策环境。
28. We realize that the prospects for the shared prosperity of APEC will depend on innovative development, economic reform and growth in the region, which are complementary and mutually reinforcing. We recognize that the Asia-Pacific region is at a crucial stage of economic transformation. We are committed to accelerating the pace of reform and innovation, and exploring new growth areas with the goal of bolstering the position of the Asia-Pacific as an engine for world economic growth. We agree to strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination with a view to forging policy synergy, and creating a sound policy environment for the robust, sustainable, balanced and inclusive economic growth in the region.

29.我们批准《亚太经合组织经济创新发展、改革与增长共识》(附件三),确立以经济改革、新经济、创新增长、包容性支持和城镇化为五大支柱,开展经验交流、政策对话、能力建设和务实合作。
29. We endorse the APEC Accord on Innovative Development, Economic Reform and Growth (Annex C) which identifies Economic Reform, New Economy, Innovative Growth, Inclusive Support and Urbanization as the five pillars for promoting experience sharing, policy dialogue, capacity building and practical cooperation.

经济改革
Economic Reform


30.为推进亚太经合组织经济改革议程,我们同意在2015年举行第二届经济结构改革部长会议。我们认识到,许多亚太经合组织发展中经济体正面临“中等收入陷阱”挑战。我们同意将跨越“中等收入陷阱”问题纳入经济委员会工作计划。
30. To advance APEC's economic reform agenda, we agree to hold the 2nd Ministerial Meeting on Structural Reform in 2015. Recognizing that many APEC developing economies are facing the challenge of the Middle-Income Trap (MIT), we agree to incorporate the issue of overcoming the MIT into the work program of the APEC Economic Committee.

31.为实现加强实施良好规制实践的目标,我们同意结合各成员自身需要和条件,进一步加强沟通、交流和经验分享,培育亚太经合组织开放透明的规制环境。我们将努力采取新行动,运用信息技术和互联网,改进规制出台前的公共咨商。
31. To meet our objective of strengthening the implementation of good regulatory practices, we will further enhance communication, exchanges, and sharing of experiences, and foster an open and transparent regulatory environment in our economies, according to individual economies' needs and circumstances. We will endeavor to take new actions through the use of information technology and the Internet to improve our conduct of public consultations on proposed regulations.

32.我们意识到包括海牙公约在内的国际公认的国际私法文书在便利跨境贸易投资、提升运营便利、促进合同有效执行和商业纠纷便捷解决方面的作用。我们鼓励更广泛使用这些文书,促进亚太经合组织区域经济一体化、互联互通和结构改革进程。
32. We recognize the role of internationally recognized private international law instruments such as the Hague Conventions in facilitating cross-border trade and investment, enhancing ease of doing business, and fostering effective enforcement of contracts and efficient settlement of business disputes. We encourage wider use of these instruments which would contribute to APEC's regional integration, connectivity and structural reform agenda.

新经济
New Economy


33.我们认识到,新经济契合当前全球和亚太地区经济增长和可持续发展的趋势。我们支持推动传统经济转型升级,挖掘绿色经济、蓝色经济、互联网经济等发展前景良好的新经济形态,走绿色、循环、低碳和高效发展之路。
33. We recognize that New Economy represents the trend of economic growth and sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. We support the efforts to promote economic restructuring and upgrading in traditional industries, explore new and promising economic growth areas such as the Green Economy, the Blue Economy, and the Internet Economy, and promote green, circular, low-carbon and energy-efficient development.

34.今年海洋领域合作取得新进展,我们备受鼓舞。我们欢迎第四届亚太经合组织海洋部长会议通过《厦门宣言》,并指示部长和官员们全力落实宣言。我们认可《厦门宣言》关于蓝色经济概念论述。我们欢迎《亚太经合组织海洋可持续发展报告》。我们鼓励海洋和渔业工作组与亚太经合组织其他机制合作推进蓝色经济合作。
34. We are encouraged by the progress of APEC's ocean-related cooperation and welcome the Xiamen Declaration issued at the 4th APEC Oceans Ministerial Meeting this year, and instruct our Ministers and officials to fully implement the Declaration. We acknowledge the Xiamen Declaration's statement on the Blue Economy. We welcome the APEC Marine Sustainable Development Report. We encourage the Ocean and Fisheries Working Group to work with APEC fora to advance Blue Economy cooperation.

35.我们认识到互联网经济对促进经济创新发展和推动个体参与经济的作用。我们批准《亚太经合组织促进互联网经济合作倡议》,指示部长和官员们进一步讨论这一议题,提出行动建议,推动各成员就发展互联网经济开展合作,促进技术政策交流,弥合数字鸿沟。
35. We recognize the role of the Internet Economy in promoting innovative development and empowering economic participation. We endorse the APEC Initiative of Cooperation to Promote the Internet Economy and instruct Ministers and officials to discuss the Internet Economy further, put forward proposals for actions, promote member economies' cooperation on developing the Internet Economy and facilitate technological and policy exchanges among member economies, taking into account the need to bridge the digital divide.

36.我们欢迎《2014年亚太经合组织能源部长会议北京宣言》。我们欢迎在中国建立亚太经合组织可持续能源中心。我们认识到推进能源供应多样化的重要性,认识到各经济体根据实际情况并基于市场和供求原则的竞争和定价机制的重要性。我们鼓励各成员采取行动,消除可能延缓可再生能源技术进步和行业发展的贸易保护和限制措施。我们通过能源部长会关于到2030年亚太经合组织地区可再生能源及其发电量在地区能源结构中的比重比2010年翻一番的雄心目标。我们承诺规范并逐步取消低效、鼓励浪费的化石燃料补贴。我们注意到秘鲁和新西兰在2014年自愿开展取消低效、鼓励浪费的化石燃料补贴同行审议并分享有关经验,欢迎菲律宾关于在2015年开展化石燃料补贴同行审议的承诺。我们鼓励创新、竞争与合作,推动亚太可再生能源行业健康、可持续发展,确保能源安全、经济增长、消除贫困及有效应对气候变化。
36. We welcome the Beijing Declaration of the 2014 APEC Energy Ministerial Meeting. We welcome the establishment of the APEC Sustainable Energy Center in China. We recognize the importance of promoting diversified energy supplies, and market-based competition and pricing mechanisms that reflect demand and supply fundamentals as appropriate to each economy. We encourage member economies to take actions to eliminate trade protection and restrictive measures that may impede progress in renewable energy technologies and development of this sector, and we endorse the Energy Ministers' aspirational goal to double the share of renewables including in power generation by 2030 in APEC's energy mix. We affirm our commitment to rationalize and phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption while still providing essential energy services. We acknowledge Peru and New Zealand for initiating voluntary peer reviews in 2014 of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that cause wasteful consumption and sharing their best practices, and welcome the commitment from the Philippines to undergo a peer review in 2015. We encourage innovation, competition and cooperation to promote a sound and sustainable energy sector in the Asia-Pacific and to ensure its energy security, economic growth, poverty eradication and an appropriate response to climate change.

37.我们强调包括矿产品、金属及相关产品开发、加工、利用、投资和贸易活动在内的矿业可持续发展的重要意义,欢迎部长们认识到《关于汞的水俣公约》的重要性。
37. We emphasize the importance of efforts to ensure sustainable development in mining, including the development, processing, utilization, investment and trade in minerals, metals and related products and welcome Ministers' views recognizing the important role of the Minamata Convention on Mercury.

38.我们将继续推进林业资源保护,打击非法采伐和相关贸易,加强林业可持续管理,并与亚太森林恢复与可持续管理网络等相关组织合作,确保悉尼森林目标的实现。
38. We will continue our efforts to protect forest resources, combat illegal logging and associated trade, promote sustainable forest management, and work with relevant organizations, including the Asia-Pacific Network on Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (APFNet), to ensure the achievement of the aspirational goal on forests in the Sydney Declaration.

39.我们将继续致力于打击野生动物非法贸易。我们将通过野生动物执法网络及其他现有机制,加强国际合作,打击野生动物走私,减少野生动物非法贸易的供给与需求,提高公众对野生动物走私及其影响的认识并加强相关教育,严肃处理走私动物犯罪。
39. We commit to continue our efforts in combating wildlife trafficking. We will take steps to combat wildlife trafficking by enhancing international cooperation through Wildlife Enforcement Networks (WENs) and other existing mechanisms, reducing the supply of and demand for illegally traded wildlife, increasing public awareness and education related to wildlife trafficking and its impacts, and treating wildlife trafficking crimes seriously.



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