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政治:二十国集团领导人布里斯班峰会公报(3)

2014-11-25    来源:chinadaily    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

政治:二十国集团领导人布里斯班峰会公报(3)

加强全球机构
Strengthening global institutions


15、二十国集团必须站在应对全球经济挑战的最前沿。全球经济机构要有效率、有代表性,并反映世界经济的变化。我们欢迎新兴市场国家增加在金融稳定理事会的代表性,以及其他增强理事会有效性的行动。我们承诺维护一个强健、以份额为基础、资源充足的国际货币基金组织。我们重申将继续落实圣彼得堡峰会承诺,并因此对2010年国际货币基金组织份额和治理结构改革、第15次份额总检查以及新份额共识的持续拖延深感失望。落实2010年IMF改革方案仍然是我们最首要的任务。我们敦促美国批准上述改革方案。如今年底前未实现,我们将要求国际货币基金组织在现有工作基础上研拟下一步的政策选项。
15. The G20 must be at the forefront in helping to address key global economic challenges. Global economic institutions need to be effective and representative, and to reflect the changing world economy. We welcome the increased representation of emerging economies on the FSB and other actions to maintain its effectiveness. We are committed to maintaining a strong, quota-based and adequately resourced International Monetary Fund (IMF). We reaffirm our commitment in St Petersburg and in this light we are deeply disappointed with the continued delay in progressing the IMF quota and governance reforms agreed in 2010 and the 15th General Review of Quotas, including a new quota formula. The implementation of the 2010 reforms remains our highest priority for the IMF and we urge the United States to ratify them. If this does not happen by year-end, we ask the IMF to build on its existing work and stand ready with options for next steps.

16、我们需要一个在开放型世界经济中的强大贸易体制,以促进经济增长、创造就业。为帮助工商界更好地利用贸易协定,我们将努力保证双边、区域和诸边贸易协定互为补充、透明,并为在世界贸易组织规则内建设更强大的多边贸易体制作出贡献。这些规则依然是带来经济繁荣的全球贸易体制的基石。一个能够应对当前和未来挑战的、充满活力、有效的世界贸易组织十分必要。我们欢迎美国和印度协商取得的突破,这有助于全面、迅速落实贸易便利化协定。这一突破也包括了粮食安全条款。我们承诺落实巴厘一揽子协定所有内容,尽快确定世贸组织解决多哈回合谈判遗留问题的工作计划,以推动谈判重返轨道。这对恢复各方对多边贸易体制的信任和信心十分重要。我们将继续向需要帮助的发展中国家提供促贸援助。
16. We need a strong trading system in an open global economy to drive growth and generate jobs. To help business make best use of trade agreements, we will work to ensure our bilateral, regional and plurilateral agreements complement one another, are transparent and contribute to a stronger multilateral trading system under World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. These rules remain the backbone of the global trading system that has delivered economic prosperity. A robust and effective WTO that responds to current and future challenges is essential. We welcome the breakthrough between the United States and India that will help the full and prompt implementation of the Trade Facilitation Agreement and includes provisions on food security. We commit to implement all elements of the Bali package and to swiftly define a WTO work programme on the remaining issues of the Doha Development Agenda to get negotiations back on track. This will be important to restore trust and confidence in the multilateral trading system. We agreed to discuss ways to make the system work better when we meet next year. We will continue to provide aid-for-trade to developing countries in need of assistance.

17、加强能源合作是我们的工作重点。国际能源市场正经历重要转变。强劲并抗风险的能源市场对经济增长至关重要。今天,我们核准了《G20能源合作原则》。我们要求能源部长在2015年召开会议,并向我们报告关于推进这项工作的选项。天然气在能源来源中愈发重要,我们将努力完善天然气市场的运行。
17. Increased collaboration on energy is a priority. Global energy markets are undergoing significant transformation. Strong and resilient energy markets are critical to economic growth. Today we endorse the G20 Principles on Energy Collaboration. We ask our energy ministers to meet and report to us in 2015 on options to take this work forward. Gas is an increasingly important energy source and we will work to improve the functioning of gas markets.

18、提高能效是应对增长和发展带来的需求增加的一个成本节约型的途径,也有助于提高能源可及性和能源安全。这将降低企业经营和家庭生活成本。我们就关于在能效方面自愿合作的行动计划达成一致,包括在改善汽车特别是重型卡车及网络设备能效和排放方面采取新措施,在建筑业、加工业、发电以及能效融资领域的举措。我们重申逐步取消鼓励浪费的化石燃料补贴,同时对最贫困人群提供支持。
18. Improving energy efficiency is a cost-effective way to help address the rising demands of sustainable growth and development, as well as energy access and security. It reduces costs for businesses and households. We have agreed an Action Plan for Voluntary Collaboration on Energy Efficiency, including new work on the efficiency and emissions performance of vehicles, particularly heavy duty vehicles; networked devices; buildings; industrial processes; and electricity generation; as well as work on financing for energy efficiency. We reaffirm our commitment to rationalise and phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption, recognising the need to support the poor.

19、我们支持应对气候变化的强力有效举措。我们的行动将根据联合国气候变化框架公约及其商定的成果,支持可持续发展、经济增长,稳定商业和投资环境。我们将共同努力,在2015年巴黎联合国气候变化框架公约大会第21次缔约方会议上,形成一份在公约框架下适用于所有缔约方的议定书、其他形式的法律文书或具有法律效力的商定成果。我们对有关缔约方准备在公约缔约方第21次会议之前(如准备好,可在2015年第一季度之前)通报国家自主决定的贡献表示鼓励。我们重申支持为减缓和适应气候变化动员资金,例如绿色气候基金。
19.
We support strong and effective action to address climate change. Consistent with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its agreed outcomes, our actions will support sustainable development, economic growth, and certainty for business and investment. We will work together to adopt successfully a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the UNFCCC that is applicable to all parties at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in 2015. We encourage parties that are ready to communicate their intended nationally determined contributions well in advance of COP21 (by the first quarter of 2015 for those parties ready to do so). We reaffirm our support for mobilising finance for adaptation and mitigation, such as the Green Climate Fund.

20、我们对埃博拉疫情暴发为几内亚、利比里亚、塞拉利昂带来的人道主义和经济影响深表关切。我们支持国际社会采取紧急协调的应对措施,并已承诺将尽全力控制和应对危机。我们呼吁国际金融机构帮助包括中东地区在内的受影响的国家应对埃博拉和其他人道主义危机带来的经济冲击。
20. We are deeply concerned with the humanitarian and economic impact of the Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. We support the urgent coordinated international response and have committed to do all we can to contain and respond to this crisis. We call on international financial institutions to assist affected countries in dealing with the economic impacts of this and other humanitarian crises, including in the Middle East.

21、我们将坚决履行推动经济增长、创造就业、促进发展和提振全球信心的承诺。我们感谢主席国澳大利亚今年体现的领导力。期待2015年在主席国土耳其任期内继续合作,并在土耳其安塔利亚举行的下届峰会上讨论工作进展。我们期待2016年在中国举行峰会。
21. We remain resolute in our commitment to lift economic growth, support job creation, promote development and build global confidence. We thank Australia for its leadership this year. We look forward to working together in 2015 under Turkey’s presidency and to discussing progress at our next meeting in Antalya on 15-16 November 2015. We also look forward to meeting in China in 2016.



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