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美国历届总统故事: 杰拉尔德 鲁道夫 福特

2016-01-22    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Gerald Rudolph "Jerry" Ford, Jr. was the 38th President of the United States, serving between 1974 and 1977. He was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. in 1913 in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents separated 16 days after his birth. His name changed two years later after his mother married Gerald Rudolff Ford. He was successful in many sports at college and graduated from Yale Law School in 1941.
杰拉尔德·鲁道夫·福特是美国第38任总统,任期为1974年-1977年。1913年,福特出生于内布拉斯加州奥马哈,他的原名为莱斯勒·里奇·金。他出生后的第16天,父母离异。两年之后,由于他的母亲改嫁杰拉尔德·鲁道夫·福特,所以福特该名。在大学期间,福特擅长多项体育运动,1941年他毕业于耶鲁大学法学院。

Ford interrupted his legal career in 1942 when he joined the Navy after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbour. He served with distinction in the Pacific and was awarded the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with nine stars. After the war, he entered local Republican politics in Grand Rapids, which he served in the House of Representatives for 25 years. He became known in the House as a "Congressman's Congressman".
1942年,福特放弃了他的律师行业,日本偷袭珍珠港后,福特在海军服役。他在太平洋战场上的表现优异,并授予了福特亚洲及太平洋作战九星奖章。战争之后,他进入了美国大溪地共和党,并在众议院任期25年。人们在众议院都称他是“议员中的议员”。

The Republicans elected Ford as the new House Minority Leader in 1964. He held the position for eight years before being elevated to Vice President in 1973, following the resignation of incumbent Agnes Spiro. A year later he became the first President to take the office under the Twenty-fifth Amendment. In the aftermath of Nixon and the Watergate scandal, he succeeded the first President ever to resign.
1964年,共和党选福特为少数党领袖。他在任8年,之后于1973年升级成为美国副总统,在这之前,艾格尼丝·斯皮罗辞职。一年之后,他成为了第一位在第25条宪法修正案实施后就职的总统。在尼克松和水门事件的余波之下,他接替了尼克松的工作,尼克松是史上第一位辞职的总统。

As President, Ford calmed the controversies surrounding former President Nixon by granting him a full pardon. He viewed himself as "a moderate in domestic affairs, a conservative in fiscal affairs, and a dyed-in-the-wool internationalist in foreign affairs." He lost the 1976 election to Jimmy Carter. He died thirty years later in 2006, at the age of 93. He was the longest-lived U.S. President in American history.
作为总统,福特平息了围绕尼克松总统的所有议论,他赦免了尼克松。他认为他施行的是“适度的国内政策,以及保守的财政政策,在国外政策上,他是一名彻彻底底的国际主义者”。在1976年的选举中,他输给了吉米·卡特。30年后去世,享年93岁。他是美国历史上最长寿的总统。



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