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美国历届总统故事:詹姆斯 厄尔 卡特

2016-01-25    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

 James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. was the 39th President of the United States. He served between 1977 and 1981.He was born in 1924, in Plains, Georgia on his father’s peanut farm. At school he was a gifted student and a basketball star. He graduated in 1946 from the U.S. Naval Academy and served for seven years as a naval officer. He turned his family’s peanut farming business into a commercial success.

詹姆斯·厄尔·卡特是美国第39任总统。他的任期是1977-1981年。1924年,他出生于乔治亚州,生在父亲的花生农场之中。他在学校的表现非常优异,还是学校的篮球明星。1946年毕业于美国海军军官学校,并担任了7年的海军军官。他让父亲的花生农场获得了颇丰的经济回报。
 
In 1962, he entered state politics, and eight years later was elected Georgia Governor. He quickly attracted a lot of attention by emphasizing ecology, efficiency in government, and the removal of racial barriers in Georgia. Carter also became known for his outspoken opposition to the death penalty. Carter announced his candidacy for President in December 1974, the start of a two-year campaign.
1962年,他进入政坛,8年之后,他选举成为了乔治亚州州长。他通过重视生态、促进政府实效获得了外界的诸多注意,他还消除了乔治亚州的种族歧视。卡特还公然反对死刑。1974年,卡特宣布竞选总统,这开启了他两年的竞选之旅。
 
Carter beat President Gerald R. Ford in the 1976 presidential race. As President, he worked hard to combat the continuing economic woes of inflation and unemployment. He increased jobs by nearly eight million and decreased the budget deficit, measured in percentage of the gross national product. He also dealt with an energy shortage and increased protected national parks by 103 million acres.
在1976年的竞选中,卡特打败了杰拉尔德·鲁道夫·福特。作为总统,他努力应对通货膨胀和失业率。增加了800万个工作机会,减少了预算赤字,国民生产总值也有所增加。他还处理了能源短缺,增加了一亿零三百万英亩的国家公园土地。
 
Carter was busy with his foreign policy. He helped bring peace between Egypt and Israel with the 1978 Camp David agreement, for which he later won the Nobel Prize. He also established full diplomatic relations with China and completed the negotiation of a nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union. However, the Iran hostage crisis in 1980 and high inflation meant he lost the 1980 election.
他还忙于制定外交政策。1978年,他帮助埃及和以色列重返和平轨道,两国签署了戴维营协议,因此,他也赢得了诺贝尔和平奖。他还与中国建立了全方面外交,并于苏联完成了核武器限制条约的签署。但是,1980年发生的伊朗人质事件,以及较高的通货膨胀率让他没有在1980年的选举中再次连任。


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