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美国历届总统故事:罗纳德 威尔逊 里根

2016-01-26    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

 Ronald Wilson Reagan was the 40th President of the United States, serving between 1981 and 1989. He was born in 1911 in Illinois. He worked his way through school and studied economics and sociology. After graduating, he became a radio sports announcer. A screen test in 1937 won him a contract in Hollywood. Over the next two decades he appeared in 53 films. He was also president of the Screen Actors Guild.

罗纳德·威尔逊·里根是美国第40任总统,任期为1981-1989年。1911年,里根出生于伊利诺伊州。他努力刻苦,在学校学习经济学和社会学。毕业之后,他成为了一名体育广播播音员。1973年,在一次试镜中,他获得了去好莱坞发展的机会。在过去的二十年中,他在53部电影中出演过角色。里根曾经还是美国演员工会主席。
 
In 1966, Reagan was elected Governor of California by a margin of a million votes; he was re-elected in 1970. He campaigned with the message of sending "the welfare bums back to work" and spoke out against the idea of the welfare state. He was also in favor of less government regulation and lower taxes. He lost the 1976 election to become Republican presidential nominee to President Gerald Ford.
1966年,里根以超过100万选票的优势成功当选加利福尼亚州州长。1970年,成功连任。他竞选的标语是“民主党员和劳保无赖又回来了”并公开反对福利制度。他不赞同较多的政府管理制度,支持减少税务。1976年,他没有成功当选共和党总统候选人,他输给了杰拉尔德·福特总统。
 
Ronald Reagan won the Republican Presidential nomination in 1980. Just 69 days later he was shot by a would-be assassin, but quickly recovered and returned to duty. He passed legislation to stimulate economic growth, curb inflation, increase employment, and strengthen national defense. A renewal of national self-confidence by 1984 helped Reagan and Vice President George H. Bush win a second term.
1980年,里根成为了共和党总统候选人。就在69天后,他遭到了刺客的射杀,但他迅速恢复过来,并重新投入到工作之中。他通过了刺激经济增长、抑制膨胀、增加就业、加强国防的法律文件。1984年,国家重新恢复了信心,这帮助了里根,副总统乔治·H·布什也获得了连任。
 
Reagan’s conservative economic policy was known as ‘Reaganomics’. At the end of his administration, America was enjoying its longest recorded period of peacetime prosperity without recession or depression. In foreign policy, Reagan sought to achieve "peace through strength" with the Soviet Union and declared war against international terrorism. He died in 2004 aged 93.
人们都把里根的保守经济政策叫做“里根经济学”。在他的任期即将要结束时,美国迎来了有史以来时间最长的和平发展,没有受到经济衰退和萧条的影响。在外交政策方面,里根与苏联达成了以“实力求和平”的措施,并打击国际恐怖主义。2004年去世,享年93岁。


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