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美国历届总统故事:乔治 赫伯特 沃克 布什

2016-01-28    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

George Herbert Walker Bush was the 41st President of the United States. He served a single term from 1989 to 1993. He was born in Massachusetts in 1924. His father Prescott Bush was a Senator. George joined the Navy on his 18th birthday and became its youngest pilot. He flew 58 combat missions during World War II. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for bravery in action.

乔治·赫伯特·沃克·布什是美国第41任总统。他任期为一届,时间是1989-1993年。1924年,老布什出生于马塞诸塞州。他的父亲-普雷斯科特·布什曾经是一位参议员。乔治18岁那年参加了海军,并成为了一名最年轻的飞行员。在二战期间,他接受了58次战斗任务。并因战功卓著被授予飞行十字勋章。

After WWII, Bush worked in the oil industry and became a multi-millionaire. Like his father, George became interested in politics. He served two terms as a Representative to Congress from Texas. Then he was appointed to several high-level positions: Ambassador to the United Nations, Chairman of the Republican National Committee, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

二战结束后,老布什进入了石油产业发展,并成为了一名千万富翁。像他的父亲一样,乔治对政治产生了浓厚的兴趣。他曾任职了两届德克萨斯州国会代表。之后,他又担任了几个高级别职位:驻联合国大使、共和党全国委员会主席、以及中央情报局主席。

In 1980 Bush campaigned for the Republican nomination for President. He lost, but was chosen as a running mate by Ronald Reagan. As Vice President, Bush had responsibility in several domestic areas and visited scores of foreign countries. In 1988 Bush won the general election to become President. He faced a dramatically changing world, as the Cold War ended and the Soviet Union ceased to exist.

1980年,老布什竞选共和党总统候选人。但没有成功,里根总统任命他为副总统。作为副总统,老布什在国内事务中责任重大,并访问了许多国家。1988年,他成功当选总统。当时他面对的是一个深化变革的世界,冷战结束,苏联解体。

In other areas of foreign policy, President Bush sent American troops into Panama to overthrow the corrupt regime of General Manuel Noriega. His greatest test came when Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait. He sent 425,000 American troops as part of Operation Desert Storm to defeat Iraq's million-man army. He lost the 1992 election because of a poor economy and rising violence in inner cities.

在对外政策方面,老布什派美国军队进入巴拿马,并推翻曼纽尔·诺列加的腐败统治。他最大的考验就是伊拉克总统萨达姆·侯赛因攻击科威特。沙漠风暴行动的一部分就是派遣42万5千名士兵,其目的是攻击伊拉克军队。1992年,老布什没能成功连任,这是因为萧条的经济状况以及国内不断上演的暴力冲突所造成的。



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