用户名: 密码: 验证码:    注册 | 忘记密码?
首页|听力资源|每日听力|网络电台|在线词典|听力论坛|下载频道|部落家园|在线背单词|双语阅读|在线听写|普特网校
您的位置:主页 > 英语能力 > 翻译 > 笔译 > 练习材料 > 文学 > 诸子 >

《道德经》(27)

2014-03-26    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

善行无辙迹,善言无瑕谪;善数不用筹策;善闭无关楗而不可开,善结无绳约而不可解。是以圣人常善救人,故无弃人;常善救物,故无弃物,是谓袭明。

故善人者,不善人之师;不善人者,善人之资。不贵其师,不爱其资,虽智大迷,是谓要妙。

【现代汉语】

好的行为不留痕迹;好的言论没有过失;好的筹划不需借助器具;善于关闭的,不用栓销却使人不能开启;善于束缚的不用绳索却使人不能解开。

与此类似的,圣人能够做到人尽其才,所以不会有被遗弃的人;能够做到物尽其用,所以不会有被丢弃的物。这就是掌握了‘道’的智慧。

所以,有才能的人可以作为普通人的老师,普通人可以成为有才能的人提供借鉴和补充。不尊重老师和不珍视借鉴补充的行为是非常糊涂的。这是非常重要的道理。

Chapter 27

A good runner leaves no track.
A good speech leaves no flaws for attack.
A good reckoner makes use of no counters.
A well-shut door makes use of no bolts,
And yet cannot be opened.
A well-tied knot makes use of no rope,
And yet cannot be untied.

Therefore the Sage is good at helping men;
For that reason there is no rejected (useless) person.
He is good at saving things;
For that reason there is nothing rejected (1).
–This is called stealing (2) the Light.
Therefore the good man is the Teacher of the bad.
And the bad man is the lesson (3) of the good.

He who neither values his teacher
Nor loves the lesson
Is one gone far astray,
Though he be learned.
–Such is the subtle secret.

(1) The Sage uses each according to his talent.
(2) Hsi, to enter or secure by devious means such as invasion, attack at night, penetration, etc. The idea is cunningly to make use of knowledge of Nature’s law to obtain the best results.
(3) Tse, raw-material, resources, help, something to draw upon for profit, such as a lesson.

(林语堂 译)

其他版本:

【英译】

A good runner leaves no track; a good speech leaves no flaws for attack; a good reckoner makes use of no tallies; a well-shut door makes use of no bolts, and nobody can open it; a good well-tied knot makes use of no rope, and nobody can unloose it.

In the same way the sage is always skilful at finding good qualities of people and worthiness of things. So there are no rejected people and things. The reason why the sage can do that is that he understands the wisdom of ‘Tao’ clearly.

So the talented person could teach the everyman, the everyman could offer assistant and warning example for the talented person. It is very important principle.



顶一下
(1)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
手机上普特 m.putclub.com 手机上普特
[责任编辑:elly]
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论 查看所有评论
请自觉遵守互联网政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 密码: 验证码:
  • 推荐文章
  • 资料下载
  • 讲座录音
普特英语手机网站
用手机浏览器输入m.putclub.com进入普特手机网站学习
查看更多手机学习APP>>