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《道德经》(68)

2014-05-27    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

善为士者不武,
善战者不怒,
善胜敌者不与,
善用人者为之下。
是谓不争之德,
是谓用人之力,
是谓配天之极。

【现代汉语】

善于作将帅的人,是不逞勇武的;善于作战的人,是不靠强悍的;善于战胜敌人的人,不在于动辄跟敌人争斗;善于用人的人,对人态度是很谦卑的。这叫做不与人争的“德”,这叫做利用别人的力量,这叫做符合自然的规律,这是古来就有的最高准则。

Chapter 68

A good warrior is not bellicose,
A good fighter does not anger,
A good conqueror does not contest his enemy,
One who is good at using others puts himself below them.
This is called “integrity without competition,”
This is called “using others,”
This is called “parity with heaven,” - the pinnacle of the ancients.

(Victor H. Mair 译)

Chapter 68

The best athlete
wants his opponent at his best.
The best general
enters the mind of his enemy.

The best businessman
serves the communal good.
The best leader
follows the will of the people.

All of the embody
the virtue of non-competition.
Not that they don’t love to compete,
but they do it in the spirit of play.

In this they are like children
and in harmony with the Tao.

(Stephen Mitchell 译)

Chapter 68

A good warrior is not violent,
a good fighter is not angry,
a good visitor will not yield,
a good leader will not be humble.
Such is the virtue of non-contention,
the ability of employing men.
Such is the way to match heaven.

(许渊冲 译)

其他版本:

【译文】

He who in (Tao's) wars has skill assumes no martial port; He who fights with most good will to rage makes no resort.

He who vanquishes yet still keeps from his foes apart; He whose hests men most fulfil yet humbly plies his art.

Thus we say, 'He ne'er contends, and therein is his might.' Thus we say, 'Men's wills he bends, that they with him unite.' Thus we say, 'Like Heaven's his ends, no sage of old more bright.'

【备注】

善为士者不武,善战者不怒,善胜敌者不与,善用人者为之下。是谓不争之德,是谓用人之力,是谓配天古之极。

“不武”、“不怒”,是慈德,不以感情用事。三国时许褚赤膊上阵遭箭穿,就是武、怒的结局。“不与”,是俭德,为胜敌的必要条件。“为之下”,是“不敢为天下先”,为谦下、守静之德。以退为进,以守为攻,是用兵策略,可以确保慈、俭之德不失。“不争之德”,是克制而不盲动,不争一时之勇。不争则守,守则敌动我静,动则必耗其力,我以逸待劳,以静制动,又以强大的兵力作后盾,自然可以取胜。这是最符合天地创始的规律的。配:相复合。古:天地之始。



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