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旅游到不同国家,都有哪些禁忌呢?

2014-07-22    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Every culture has its own etiquette red lines that tourists frequently aren’t aware they’re crossing. It doesn’t matter where you travel—you should never insult the people who live there by dismissing their customs. Here is a sample of some of the things not to do in Japan, France, Russia, and India.
每种文化都有独特的礼仪文化,这使游客们经常无法意识到自己触犯了禁忌。无论你到哪里旅行—你绝不能对当地人做无礼的事情特别是无视他们的风俗习惯。下面是一些在日本,法国,俄国和印度的禁忌事项。


Japan
No tipping. Tipping your servers in Japan will just confuse them.
Escalators have one side for standing and one side for passing. Make sure you’re on the correct side. But keep an eye on what people are doing since in some cities you stand on the left, and in other cities you stand on the right.
Don’t walk around while you eat. This is just not acceptable in Japan.

日本
没有小费。在日本给服务生小费会让他们无法理解。
扶梯的一侧用来站立另一侧用来通行。请确定你在正确的一边。但也要注意其他人的做法因为有些城市你需要站在左侧而另一些城市是右侧。
吃东西的时候不要四处走动。这在日本也是不可接受的。

France
Parlez fran?ais. Don’t expect to get by with English in France. The French have great pride in their language, and are somewhat resentful of its decline on the world stage. They don’t appreciate switching from French to another language at home.

Avoid talking about money issues. The French have a strong distaste for discussing financial matters openly. You’ll put people in an uncomfortable spot to talk about how much they make or spent on something.
Don’t rush while you eat. If you eat your food quickly, people will assume that you are a slob. The French take great pride in their cuisine, so savor what you eat. French lunches are known to last three hours long!

法国
说法语。不要期待在法国可以用英语来应付。法国人对自己的语言感到无比自豪,对它在世界舞台上的没落有些心怀不满。他们不喜欢在自己的祖国使用另一种语言。

不要讨论钱的话题。法国人很讨厌公开讨论资金问题。讨论他们的收入和花销会让人们感到很不自在。不要狼吞虎咽。如果你吃饭很快,人们会觉得你很粗俗。法国人对自己的美食也非常引以为傲,所以要享受你的饭菜。持续三小时的法国午餐也为人们所熟知。


Russia
Leave home without it: you probably won’t find that many places where your credit card will be accepted. Cash is king.
Avoid making casual political criticisms. Russians view these kind of statements from tourists as personal insults, as if you consider them personally at fault for these problems, and not the government.
Don’t go with the flow. If a situation arises and you’re not sure what is going on, try to ask someone. If you keep quiet, people will assume you understand what’s happening and won’t go out of their way to help you.
If you bring someone flowers, make sure the bouquet has an odd number of flowers in it. Even numbered bouquets are reserved for funerals. A dozen roses would creep Russians out.

俄国
不用带信用卡。你很可能找不到几个可以刷卡的地方,现金是王道。
不要随便评论政治。俄国人把游客的这种言论看做是个人攻击,尽管只是你个人认为这些问题本身不对,而不是政府的错。
不要随波逐流。如果有情况发生而你并不清楚怎么回事,尝试去问别人。如果你保持沉默,别人会认为你理解正在发生的事情就不会竭力去帮助你。
如果你送花给别人,请确认花束里的花有奇数朵。即使花束是为葬礼准备的,12朵玫瑰也会吓到俄国人。

India
Do not complain about the food. It is insulting to your host. Don’t eat something you don’t want to eat, but don’t offend the people who served it to you.
No public kissing. This can even result in jail time.
People usually don’t socialize while eating in India, and may take offense to being interrupted while they eat.

印度
不要抱怨食物。这是对主人的侮辱。不要吃不想吃的东西,但也不要冒犯招待你的人。
不要在公共场合接吻。这甚至有可能让你坐牢。
人们通常不在吃饭的时候进行交谈,打断他们吃饭可能是很无礼的行为。


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