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Time时代杂志核心单词:形容词/副词(11)

2016-04-22    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Time时代杂志核心单词:形容词/副词(11)

101.unprecedented adj. 史无前例的

In an unprecedented move, Zedillo chose a member of the opposition party as Attorney General.(TIME, May 29, 1995, p.40)

塞迪约破天荒挑选了一位反对党人士出任司法部长。

 102.urgent adj. 紧急的

【同】pressing

All this suggests that sumo, the institution, is in urgent need of its of its own purification.(TIME, Sept.30, 1996, p.28)

这一切都表示,相扑界自清迫在眉睫。

103.venerable adj. 受人尊敬的

You could almost say this venerable institution with its great credibility and history has been infiltrated slowly by the type of people it was not intended to deal with.(TIME, Dec.12, 1994, p.64)

甚至可以这么说,这个极受信赖、拥有光荣历史而备受尊重的机构,已遭到它所不愿与之打交道之流人物的慢慢渗入。 

注:infiltrate v. 使渗入,渗透

104.vigorous adj. 精力旺盛的,充满活力的

【同】dynamic

It’s a signal as well that the U.S. economy may be starting to slacken after one of its most vigorous years in a decade. (TIME, Feb.6, 1995, p.49)

这也显示,美国经济在经历10年来相当繁荣的一年之后,可能正开始衰退。 

注: slacken v. 减缓,减弱

105.volatile adj. 善变的

【同】unstable

When properly combined, three volatile elements generate American celebrity: the media, the public and the spinmeisters who manipulate them. (TIME, June 26, 1995, p.30)

下面这3个善变的因素,如果搭配得好,就可以让人在美国名声大噪,这3个因素就是媒体、公众及操纵媒体与公众的形象包装高手。 

注: spinmeister n. spin和meister的复合字。spin指(对某著作、政策、形式或事件)给予新的解读或扭曲(以营造对作者或政治人物有利的局面,如良好的公众形象);meister是德文,同英文的master(高手、能手)。两个字合起来就是指善于利用媒体以塑造良好公众形象的人,类似spin doctor(指党对媒体的发言人,替政治人物等处理媒体问题的顾问)。

 

 

 106.voluntary adj. 志愿的,自愿的

【反】obligatory

It has been 16 months since Australia’s Northern Territory became the first place in the world to legalize voluntary euthanasia. (TIME, Oct.7, 1996, p.39)

自从澳大利亚的北方区成为世界上第一个将自愿安乐死合法化的地方,至今已有16个月了。

107.vulnerable  adj. 易受伤的,脆弱的

The long time lag between the weapons’ arrival and the Bosnians’ training would leave them extremely vulnerable to snap Serb offensives… (TIME, Oct.10, 1994, p.44

)在武器运达之后和波斯尼亚人受训练熟悉装备之前,有一段长长的空挡,这期间他们根本经不起塞尔维亚人的突袭。 

注: lag n. (时间之间的)空挡

108.abandon  v. 抛弃

【同】give up【反】stay with

Zhu (Ming-jiang) was forced as a teenager to abandon his education and, like tens of thousands of other intellectual young Chinese during the 1960s and 70s, was sent to the countryside to be “re-educated” by peasant. 

朱明江少年时期被迫失学,和六七十年代成千上万的中国知识青年一样被送到乡间接受农民的“再教育”。

109.abolish v. 废除

Man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life.

生命有限的人类,手中握有的力量,可以消灭人类一切的贫穷状态,也可以灭绝人类所有的生命形态。

110.abuse v.&n. 滥用;虐待

The term is much abused lately: in its strictest sense, virtual reality means creating an artificial environment so convincing it can’t be distinguished from the real thing. 

仿真一词近来常被滥用,若严格加以定义,仿真表示创造一个人工的环境,而其如此接近事实,令人真伪难辨。



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