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英语口译必备:2015两会不可不知的热词

2015-03-25    来源:英语点津    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

The plenary sessions of the National People's Congress (NPC)and the National Committee of the Chinese People' s PoliticalConsultative Conference (CPPCC), popularly known as the "twosessions", are kicking off this week. What will be the big talkingpoints? We have compiled a list of 26 hot topics, in accordancewith the 26 letters in the English alphabet.
被称作“两会”的全国人民代表大会(NPC)与中国人民政治协商会议(CPPCC)本周拉开大幕。今年的两会有哪些看点?我们以26个英文字母为索引,为你梳理26个两会热点话题。

A|Anti-corruption 重拳反腐
The Chinese government has adopted a zero-tolerance approach in fighting corruption since the18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in November 2012. In 2015,China's top anti-graft watchdog said it will net more "tigers" and "flies" - corrupt governmentofficials at both higher and lower levels - and combat graft in State-owned enterprises (SOEs). Buthow to build a long-term mechanism to supervise the exercise of official power requiressuggestions from NPC deputies and CPPCC members.
2012年11月的中共十八大以来,中国政府对待反腐采取“零容忍”的态度。2015年,中国反腐监察机构表示将继续“打虎拍蝇”,并开辟国企反腐的战场。但是,如何建立权力监督的长期机制,仍需两会代表献策建言。

B|Breakup of Monopolies 破除垄断
Although China has eased market access in many industries and started SOE reforms in a bid tomobilize private investment and break monopolies, there is still a lot to do to achieve faircompetition. Experts believe the private sector will reap more fruit this year.
尽管中国已经放宽许多行业的市场准入门槛并开始国企改革,以调动私人投资,破除垄断,但如何实现社会资源平等竞争还大有空间。专家预计,今年民营经济在这方面将有更多收获。

C|Check of Power 简政放权
In the past two years, China's central government has prioritized the task of cutting red tape anddelegating power to lower-level governments. Altogether, 798 administrative approval items havebeen canceled or delegated to local governments. The move has curbed corruption and stimulatedentrepreneurship. More progress can be expected in the area.
过去两年,中央政府简政放权成为改革重头戏,国务院累计取消和下放798项行政审批事项,有力地防止了腐败,激发了创业激情。这方面还会更有新进展。

D|Democracy 中国式民主
In February, the CPC Central Committee published a document proposing to promote"consultative democracy". Consultative democracy - defined as a democratic pattern in which, ledby the CPC, all sections of society are consulted on major issues before and during policy-makingprocesses - helps Chinese people take part in the country's governance and makes sure thatdiverse voices can be heard and consensus can be reached. The two sessions are perfectexamples of China exerting consultative democracy and offer a window for people to observe andunderstand China's democracy.
2月,中共中央印发《关于加强社会主义协商民主建设的意见》,将协商民主定义为“在中国共产党领导下,人民内部各方面围绕重大问题,在决策之前和决策实施之中开展广泛协商,努力形成共识的重要民主形式。”而“两会”正是“协商民主”的绝佳体现,这为关注并试图理解中国式民主的人们提供了视角。

E|Engines 经济引擎
In early 2015, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang put forward a fresh concept at Davos - "Two engines": "To transform the traditional engine of growth by focusing on increasing the supply of publicgoods and services" and "To foster a new engine of growth by encouraging massentrepreneurship and innovation." In 2015, China is sure to take steps to fuel the "two engines" sothat the economy can maintain a medium-to-high speed of growth and achieve a medium-to-highlevel of development.
李克强总理在瑞士达沃斯年会上发表演讲时首次提出“双引擎”概念:一方面要改造升级传统引擎,扩大公共产品和公共服务的供给;另一方面要培育打造新引擎,推动大众创业、万众创新。2015年中国将采取措施为“双引擎”加油,使其释放能量助推中国经济保持“双中高”——实现中高速增长、迈向中高端水平。

F|"Four Comprehensives" “四个全面”
CPC mouthpiece the People's Daily has carried a series of editorials prior to the annual legislativesession, expounding the concept of the "Four Comprehensives", first raised by Xi Jinping inDecember. The concept includes comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society,deepening reform, advancing the rule of law and strictly governing the Party. The concept,drawing widespread attention from home and abroad, is expected to be the main theme of thelegislative session.
两会前,《人民日报》发表系列评论,阐述习近平去年12月首次提出的“四个全面”——“全面建成小康社会、全面深化改革、全面推进依法治国、全面从严治党”。这个新提法受到了海内外的广泛关注,被认为将成两会“主旋律”。

G|GDP 经济增长
At the opening meeting of the NPC session on Thursday, Li Keqiang will reveal this year's GDPtarget when delivering the government work report. It is the subject of much anticipation at homeand abroad. Most Chinese provinces lowered their GDP targets for 2015 at previous local legislativesessions.
3月5日的人大会议开幕会上,李克强总理在《政府工作报告》中将披露今年GDP增长预期目标,这是一个海内外普遍关注的悬念。在此前召开的地方两会上,绝大多数省份都下调了2015年GDP增长目标。

H|Hong Kong 香港
2014 was an eventful year for Hong Kong. The Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect programkicked off trading. Guangdong and Hong Kong liberalized their service trade, and the Guangdongfree trade zone (FTZ) was approved. Meanwhile, the illegal "occupy" protest movement negativelyimpacted Hong Kong's development and reform to its political system. Differences of opinionbetween people from the mainland and Hong Kong have surged.
2014年对香港特别行政区来说喜忧交加:“沪港通”开锣、粤港基本实现服务贸易自由化、广东自贸区获批;与此同时,长达两个多月的“占中”非法集会也对香港的发展与政制改革带来不良影响,两地人员交流往来也出现了一些摩擦。

I|Innovation 创新
Innovation is an engine to China's development, and reform an ignitor to the engine. As theeconomy enters a "new normal", and growth slows, China's economy will rely more on innovationto drive its growth.
创新是中国发展的新引擎,而改革是必不可少的点火器。在经济步入新常态、增速明显放缓的大趋势下,中国经济更加需要依靠创新驱动。

J|Jobs 就业&创业
The number of jobs forecast to be created this year will be revealed at the annual legislativesession. In the past two years, despite an economic slowdown, the number of newly-created jobshas increased steadily. China is promoting employment through encouraging business start-ups,cutting red tape and delegating power to lower-level governments.
今年中国决心创造多少新就业岗位,将在两会中披露。近两年,在经济增速放缓的同时,新增就业人数却稳步上升。中国正在用激励创业、简政放权的办法推动就业。

K|Key Policies 关键政策
China's fiscal and monetary policies in 2015 under the circumstances of slowed economic growthare the key focus of the two sessions.
在经济增速放缓的情况下,中国如何制定2015年的财政政策与货币政策,将成为两会的重中之重。
(英语点津)



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