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必备词汇:CATTI口译词汇之经济篇

2016-03-03    来源:中译青岛翻译培训中心    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

CATTI口译词汇之经济篇

【编者按】CATTI将近,译世界将为各位小伙伴们陆续带来一些CATTI必备词汇,速速get~~~

国民生产总值GNP(Gross National Product)

人均国民生产总值per capita GNP

产值output value

宏观控制exercise macro-control

优化经济结构optimize the economic structure

保持经济适度快速增长maintain an appropriate rapid economic growth

改善经济环境improve economic environment

整顿经济秩序rectify economic order

非公有成分non-public sectors

发挥市场的调节作用give play to the regulatory role of the market

 

经济和法律的杠杆economic and legal leverages

经济计划和市场调节相结合combine economic planning with market regulation

平等互利、讲求实效、形式多样、共同发展的方针pursuing practical results, adopting various ways and seeking common development/the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity and mutual development

长三角Yangtze River delta

瓶颈制约 “bottleneck” restrictions

企业的自我约束机制self-regulating mechanism of enterprises

企业技术改造technological updating of enterprises

加速科研成果向生产力的转化facilitate a faster transition from research to actual production

 

科教兴国战略strategy of invigorating the country through science, technology and education

企业兼并重组annexation and reorganization of enterprises

保持国民经济发展的良好势头maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy

奔小康strive for a relatively comfortable life

采取市场多元化战略adopt the strategy of a multi-outlet market

抓大放小invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones / focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves

出口创汇型/外向型产业export-oriented industry

 

垂直兼并vertical merger

国家补贴public subsidies

国家鼓励项目projects listed as encouraged by the state

国家科技创新体系State Scientific and Technological Innovation System

自主经营,自负盈亏responsible for their own management decisions, profits and losses

经济学家economist

社会主义经济 socialist economy

资本主义经济 capitalist economy

集体经济 collective economy

计划经济 planned economy

管制经济 controlled economy

农村经济 rural economics

 

自由经济 liberal economy

混合经济 mixed economy

政治经济学 political economy

保护主义protectionism

闭关自守autarchy

初级成分 primary sector

私营成分,私营部门 private sector

公共部门,公共成分 public sector

经济渠道 economic channels

经济平衡 economic balance

经济波动 economic fluctuation

经济衰退 economic depression

经济稳定 economic stability

经济政策 economic policy

经济复原 economic recovery

约定understanding

集中concentration

 

控股公司 holding company

托拉斯trust

卡特尔cartel

增长 rate of growth

经济趋势 economic trend

经济形势 economic situation

基本建设infrastructure

生活标准,生活水平 standard of living

购买力 purchasing power, buying power

短缺scarcity

停滞,萧条,不景气stagnation

不发达underdevelopment

不发达的underdeveloped

发展中的developing



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