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英语口译须知的历史知识盘点

2016-06-15    来源:译世界    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

英语口译须知的历史知识盘点

1. 第一位女诗人是:蔡琰(蔡文姬)

The first Chinese female poet: Cai Yan,her style name (字) is Wenji

2. 第一位女词人是:李清照

The first female poet of lyric Chinese poetry Ci: Li Qingzhao,pseudonym Yi’an Jushi (号 易安居士)

3. 第一部词典是:尔雅

The earliest Chinese dictionary: Erya

Chinese scholars interpret the first title character er (尔:"you, your") as a phonetic loan character for the homophonous er (迩: "near; close; approach"), and believe the second ya (雅; "proper; correct; refined; elegant") refers to words or language.

尔雅这个名字的传统解释是,尔是“近”的意思,雅是“正统、规范”的意思,指在语音语法词汇方面符合标准。

4. 第一部大百科全书是:永乐大典

The earliest general encyclopedia:The Yongle Encyclopedia,commissioned by the Chinese Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle in 1403 and completed by 1408. (1403年由明成祖朱棣下令编撰,1408年成书)

5. 第一部诗歌总集是:诗经

The earliest existing collection of Chinese poems and songs:The Book of Songs / The Classic of Poetry / The Book of Odes

6. 第一部文选:昭明文选

The first collections of Chinese poetry: Wen Xuan (Selected Literature), also known asZhao Ming Wen Xuan.

It was compiled by Xiao Tong, the eldest son of Emperor Wu of Liang, and a group of scholars he had assembled. After Xiao Tong’s death he was given the posthumous name Zhao Ming (outstanding, remarkable)

文选由梁朝太子萧统主持编撰,死后谥号昭明。

7. 第一部字典:说文解字

"Explaining Simple and Analyzing Compound Characters",the first Chinese dictionary to analyze the structure of the characters and to give the rationale behind them, as well as the first to use the principle of organization by sections with shared components, called radicals.

说文解字是第一部分析字形结构、给出造字依据的字典,也是第一部按部首编排的字典。

8. 第一部神话集:山海经

The first collection of mythology: Shan Hai Jing, a fabled geographical and cultural account of pre-Qin China.

9. 第一部文言志人小说集:世说新语

The first book of anecdotes and character sketches written in classical Chinese: A New Account of the Tales of the World

10. 第一部文言志怪小说集:搜神记

In Search of the Supernatural:the first compilation of legends, short stories and hearsay concerning spirits, ghosts and other supernatural phenomena written in classical Chinese.

11. 第一部纪传体通史:史记

The first biographical general history of China: Records of the Grand Historian

12. 第一部编年体史书是:春秋

The earliest chronicle of China: The Spring and Autumn Annals

13. 第一部断代史:汉书

The first dynastic history: Book of Han

14. 第一部兵书:孙子兵法

The earliest Chinese military treatise: The Art of War



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