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演讲技巧:如何自如讲话?

2014-03-18    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

1.Do Not Stay Hidden Before You Speak
不要躲藏

Unless you are Bono, Oprah, or the President, you have no reason to hide before you speak and every reason to mingle, letting people know that you are interesting and personable BEORE you take the stage. Aim to connect with individuals and build a following before you address your audience as a whole.
除非你是Bono ,Oprah 或者是总统,在社交场合你都没理由在你说话之前就藏起来,抓住机会站到台上让人们都知道你是个有趣的人。在你把一大群人变成你的听众之前,应当多与人交流。

2.Do Not Write a Boring Intro and Have a Boring Person Read It
不要做过多的自我介绍

Your audience already has some idea of who you are, so skip the boring LinkedIn bio facts. When deciding what to include, ask yourself why your biomatters to this group of people. Keep it short and sweet, including only the most pertinent information of why they should care about who you are and what you have to say.
你的听众都知道你,因此直接缩短这段无聊的自我介绍环节。当你决定好了说什么,问问你自己为什么要对着这群人说。带着感情挑重点说,说些和为什么他们应当知道你是谁、你必须要说的内容相关的。

3. Do Not Slowly Stroll Onto the Stage
不要再舞台上闲晃

Unless you are really, REALLY famous, no one is getting a thrill out of viewing your entry. So, just get there. Fast. As humble as you may actually be, even appearing to take your time to get on stage can come off as self-important. And, if the applause after you’ve been introduced has dwindled or completely stopped before you get to center stage, you (and your entire audience) can practically taste the awkward in the room.
如果你不是特别的有名,没人愿意看你在舞台上自我陶醉。因此,请快些的走到舞台上。尽可能的谦虚,甚至是用时间来表现出来。要是在你做完自我介绍后掌声就开始小了,甚至当你走到舞台中心就没有了,那么你(和你的听众)就是在互相看不惯。

4. Do Not Start with "Thank you very much. It’s such a pleasure to be here".
不要以“非常感谢,站在这里是我的荣幸”开始

This was an entirely acceptable way to begin public speaking the first ten million times it was done. We are now past that mark and opening with this line is akin to saying: "Thank you for hearing me say something that you are now not listening to at all." Starting with this line is the best way to make your audience members check their Twitter or Instagram accounts within the first 10 seconds of your speech.
这类说法完全是被人说过千万遍的开场白。现在我们不必再用这些话,说点像:“感谢你在这里听我说些你可能不是很赞同的话。”用这些话来做开场白,就是让你的听众在你开始讲话的10秒内就上网的最好方式。

5. Do Not Say, "Good morning!" …Wait for a Response, and Then Say, "Oh, Come On, You Can Do Better Than That!"
不要说,“早上好,”然后在等着她们给些回应后,再说,“哦,加油,你可以做得更好!”

You are not your audience’s mom. You are not at summer camp. (And if you are, your audience better be under the age of 12 for this line to work.) This phrase was effective exactly one time and that was in 1964 when Art Linkletter said it. Ever since then, it’s been annoying as heck.
你不是他们的母亲。你也不是在夏令营。(如果是夏令营,那么这些话最好是说给还不到12岁的孩子听。)这类话在当时以及1964年艺术联系信中是会很有效,此后,那就变得跟真见鬼一样的令人烦。

6. Do Not Show a Text-Heavy PowerPoint Image Right Off the Bat
不要使用太多的及时幻灯片

No one wants to both see AND hear your words. If you are wearing a mic and are on a stage, this is your cue to aim for more words heard than seen. Don’t try to cram a bunch of text onto each slide; instead, choose simple, powerful visuals that complement your verbal message.
没人愿意边听边看。要是你在台上没使用小话筒,那么你潜意识里就是希望他们多看你讲的内容。每张幻灯片上不要放太多内容,相反地,你应该选些容易理解的,另外好的视图还会帮你补充你的说话内容。

7. Do Not Read Your Entire Speech From Your Notes, Verbatim
不要逐字逐句的读你所要教授的内容

Public speaking is an art. You need to practice. Take video of yourself practicing, watch it, make note of your mistakes, and then practice some more. Imbed your message into your head and your speaking style into your body so that when you are on stage, you will be freed up to speak more from your heart than your head. Anyone can read a speech out loud—don’t be "anyone"; be someone worthy of the public speaking opportunity you have.
在公众场合讲话是门艺术,应当多加练习。边练边录,观看时记录下自己做的不够好的地方,再加以练习。在台上时先打好腹稿,然后再按你自己的讲话方式讲出来。讲话随心比先想后讲更轻松。每个人都可以大声的读演讲—不要成为那样的那个人。要做那个能在公众面前有机会演讲好的那个人。



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