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愤怒是心中的魔鬼 远离路怒症

2015-09-10    来源:普特编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

愤怒是心中的魔鬼 远离路怒症

Road rage 路怒症

近来发生了成都女司机被打事件。这两天又发生了两车因为误会,一车拔出长刀划花另一辆车。马路上的争吵屡见报端,现在的人是怎么了?他们的这种行为就是路怒症!

路怒症,顾名思义就是带着愤怒去开车。指汽车或其他机动车的驾驶人员有攻击性或愤怒的行为。此类行为可能包括:粗鄙的手势、言语侮辱、故意用不安全或威胁安全的方式驾驶车辆,或实施威胁。这个说法源于上个世纪80年代,产生于美国。 “路怒”(roadrage)一词被收入新版牛津词语大辞典,用以形容在交通阻塞情况下开车压力与挫折所导致的愤怒情绪。 不管在哪里生的气,放到路面上来发泄怎么说都是不合适的。你说呢?

一起来看看解释:

1. N-UNCOUNT Road rage is anger or violent behaviour caused by someone else's bad driving or the stress of being in heavy traffic. 道路暴行; 道路愤慨

例:Two women were being hunted by police after a road rage attack on a male motorist.
两名妇女因在一次道路暴行中袭击一名男司机而正被警方追捕。

2.Web rage的变形

Web rage  网络无名火

Road rage is aggressive or angry behavior by a driver of an automobile or other motor vehicle. Such behavior might include rude gestures, verbal insults, deliberately driving in an unsafe or threatening manner, or making threats. Road rage can lead to altercations, assaults, and collisions which result in injuries and even deaths. It can be thought of as an extreme case of aggressive driving.
“路怒症”指汽车或其它机动车的驾驶人员有攻击性或愤怒的行为。此类行为可能包括:粗鄙的手势、言语侮辱、故意用不安全或威胁安全的方式驾驶车辆,或实施威胁。“路面愤怒症”可引起口角纷争、伤害以及可能导致受伤甚至死亡的撞车事故,这种行为可被认定为攻击性驾驶的极端案例。

The term originated in the United States in 1987–1988 (specifically, from Newscasters at KTLA, a television station in Los Angeles, California), when a rash of freeway shootings occurred on the Interstate 405, 110, and 10 freeways in Los Angeles. These shooting sprees even spawned a response from the AAA Motor Club to its members on how to respond to drivers with road rage or aggressive maneuvers and gestures.

原声例句:

To further reduce pollution - and to cut road rage - General Victor Kiryanov, of the Russian Road police asks drivers to stay at home. (VOA standard.2010.07.23)

The following are common manifestations of road rage:
以下是“路怒症”常见的表现形式:

Generally aggressive driving, including sudden acceleration, braking, and close tailgating
普通的攻击性驾驶,包括突然加速、刹车,以及跟前车太近。

Cutting others off in a lane, or deliberately preventing someone from merging
突然进入别人的车道,或故意阻止别人并线。

Driving at high speeds in the median of a highway to terrify drivers in both lanes
在公路中间高速行驶会使双方向行驶的司机都受到惊吓。

Chasing other motorists
追逐其他司机;

Flashing lights and/or sounding the horn excessively
打灯或过分地急按喇叭。

Yelling or exhibiting disruptive behavior at roadside establishments
大喊大叫或对路边设施实施破坏性行为;

Rude gestures (such as "the finger", or [especially in Greece] giving mountzes)
做粗野姿势,例如向别人竖中指;

Shouting verbal abuses or threats
破口大骂或威胁恐吓;

Intentionally causing a collision between vehicles
故意在车流中制造碰撞;

Hitting other vehicles
撞其他车辆;

Assaulting other motorists, their passengers, cyclists, or pedestrians
挑衅其他司机,他们的乘客,骑自行车的人,或行人;

Exiting the car to attempt to start confrontations, including striking other vehicles with an object
下车来挑衅别的司机,包括用物品打到其他车辆的车身;

Threatening to use or using a firearm or other deadly weapon
用枪支等致命武器威胁;

Throwing projectiles from a moving vehicle with the intent of damaging other vehicles
开着车投掷物品意图袭击其他车;

路怒症是一种病!有病就得治!“路怒症”概念最早来自国外心理学。医学界把“路怒症”归类为阵发型暴怒障碍,指多重的怒火爆发出来,猛烈程度叫人大感意外。“路怒症”发作的人经常会口出威胁之词、动粗甚至毁损他人财物,也就是“攻击性驾驶”。不管是开车,还是乘车,或是在马路上行走,都要注意安全,保持内心平静,远离这种病人,同时也要努力克制,不要让自己也变成路怒症患者!

本文由普特编辑部整理发布,转载请注明出处



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