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口语技能:如何避免和老外交谈时冷场(上)

2015-09-15    来源:italki教师    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

口语技能:如何避免和老外交谈时冷场(上)

How To Keep A Conversation Going In English
英语中如何维持对谈


It is often difficult to keep a conversation going in any language. During most of our daily interactions with people, we engage in small talk. Small talk is a short, polite conversation about casual topics such as how your family is, the weather, or current sports news. As language learners, these are the first type of conversations we learn because the questions are easy to form, and we can learn a little about another person.
对于任何语言来说要维持对谈并不容易。在我们平时和别人的接触中,我们会寒暄。寒暄时间很短,礼貌的对谈会聊一些家庭情况、天气,或者体育新闻。作为学语言的,这些是我们应该学习的第一种对谈话题,因为对我们来说谈话问题很容易组织,也可以从对话中了解对方。

A great way to begin a longer conversation is to ask questions about the person you are talking to. Everybody likes talking about their own experiences, opinions, and thoughts, so asking questions can allow a longer conversation. Maintaining a conversation in a new language is not easy, but with these tools you can gain confidence in knowing how to express yourself thoroughly.
要想开启一次比较长的对谈,最好是对对方进行提问。每个人都喜欢聊自己的经历、看法和观点,所以提一些这方面的问题就可以把对话拉长。要用外语保持对谈不容易,但是使用这些技巧你就能获得自信,也可以充分表现自己。

Start a longer conversation
开启一次长对话

The best way to show that you want to start a longer conversation is to ask open-ended questions. Open-ended questions have to be answered with more than one word and allow the other person to talk longer.

开启长对话的最好方式是提一些开放式问题,这些问题要回答不是一两个字就能结束的,这样对方就能聊得久一些。
What do you think about ____? 
你觉得……怎么样?
Have you heard about ____? (If they answer “Yes”:) What do you think?
你有没有听说过……?(如果他们回答是的话)你觉得呢?
What do you like about ___?
你为什么喜欢……?
How have you liked living in ___?
你觉得住在这里怎么样?

Example:
例子:

Jane: “What are you doing this weekend?”
Max: “I don’t know yet. You?”
Jane: “I’m going to the museum. Have you heard about the new photography exhibit?”
Max: “Yes I have.”
Jane: “What do you think about photography?”
Max: “I think it can be a beautiful form of art, especially in blank and white. I like to practice photography myself in my spare time.”

Jane: 你这周末做什么?
Max:还不知道呢?你呢?
Jane: 我去博物馆,有没有听说过新的摄影展?
Max:对啊我听说了
Jane:你觉得摄影怎么样?
Max:我觉得是一种很精美的艺术形式。尤其黑白照片。我喜欢在业余的时间拍照。

Follow-up Questions and Comments:
随后的问题和评论:


Follow a prior question with another question or comment to continue the conversation.
对之前的问题进一步提问或者对之前的对话作评论


What do you mean?
怎么讲?
Why ___? (For example: Why did that happen? Why do you think so?)
为什么……?(比如:怎么会发生的?你为什么这么觉得?—)
How ___? ( For example: How did you like it? How was it?)
怎么样……?(比如:你为什么喜欢这样?那个怎么样?)
Interesting! Tell me more.
有意思!再说说详情。
What happened next?
接下来怎么样了?
What did you like/not like about it?
你喜欢什么,不喜欢什么?

Example:
例子:

Jane: “I went to the health conference yesterday and it was so surprising!”
Max: “What do you mean?”
Jane: “This year all of the current health recommendations have been changed. Everything is so different and dieticians don’t know what to do about it.”
Max: “Interesting! Tell me more.”
Jane: “Dieticians have been giving the same health advice for decades, but now they have to change their thinking.”
Jane:昨天我去了健康论坛,挺让我惊讶的!
Max:怎么说?
Jane:今年所有的关于健康方面的建议都有改动。每个人的观点很不同,而且营养师都不知道要怎么办了。
Max:这么有意思!详细怎么说?
Jane:营养师几十年来给出的建议如出一辙。但是现在他们的想法正在变革。

Phrases to show acknowledgement
一些表示赞同的短语


Use these to show interest in what the other person is saying and to let the person know you are listening as he or she speaks.
用这些短语表示你对对法说的话感兴趣,让对法知道你在倾听。
Oh, wow.哦哇!
Really?!真的?!
That’s interesting / crazy / funny / weird.
这很有趣,疯狂,好笑,怪。
I didn’t know that!
我不知道呀!
Cool!赞!
No way! 不是吧!
Oh, no! 不!
Right. (This means “I agree/acknowledge what you are saying”)
对(这表示赞同,同意之前的讲法)
That sounds fun / cool / interesting.
听上去有趣,赞,好玩。

Example 1:
例子1:

Jane: “I was driving down the street when all of a sudden a deer ran in front of my car…”
Max: “Oh, no!”
Jane: “…But, luckily, I swerved in time to miss it.”
Jane: 我昨天在街上开车突然一只鹿冲到我的车前……
Max:不是吧!
Jane:不过很幸运我突然转弯躲过了。

Example 2:
例子2:

Max: “I went to the U2 concert yesterday…”
Jane: “No way!”
Max: “…and it was the best concert I have ever been to!”
Max:我昨天去了U2的演唱会。
Jane:不是吧!
Max:是我去过的最赞的演唱会!



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