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趣味英语:如何教老外打麻将?

2015-11-30    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

如何教老外打麻将?

【麻将必备】

你会打麻将(play mah-jong)吗?你是资深麻友吗?你敢教老外打麻将吗? 将“国粹”推向世界可是我们这些外语学习者的义务哦!那还等什么,马上就让老外们对麻将上瘾吧!

麻将牌:mah-jong, mah-jongg

棋牌室:Chess &Poker Room

筒子:the circle tiles

索子:the bamboo tiles

万子:the character tiles

番子:the honor tiles

花牌:flower tiles

上:claiming a tile to match a sequence

碰:claiming a tile to match a triplet

杠:claiming a tile for a quadruplet

和:claiming a tile to win

抽头:the kitty

筹码:counter; chip; dib

牌友:matching play

边张:side tiles

吃张:drawing

庄家:dealer

上家:opponent on the left

下家:opponent on the right

对门:opponent sitting opposite to one

三缺一:three players looking for one more player

跳牌:skipping

出张:discarding a tile

洗牌:shuffling the tiles

连庄:remaining the dealer

一对:one pair

一番:one time (in scoring)

一圈:a round

跟牌:following suit

进张:drawing a useful tile

对碰:waiting for two tiles to win; making two pairs

扣牌:holding up a tile

听牌:waiting for the one necessary tile to win

暗杠:drawing a tile by oneself, making four similar tiles of a kind and putting them face down

暗坎:concealing 3-tiles in order of a kind

八圈:eight rounds of play

缺一门:lacking a suit

抢杠:robbing a gong

单钓:waiting for one of the pair to win

单听:awaiting the only one necessary tile to win

地和:going out or winning a hand after drawing only one tile

吊牌:fishing; awaiting one’s winning tile

对对胡:winning with all paired tiles;all triplets

自摸:winning by one’s own draw;self-drawn

拦和:be won by one’s left or opposing opponent with the same tile one needs

平和:a win without points

鸡和:chicken hand

平和:common hand

大满贯:grand slam

杠上开花:drawing a tile, after a gang, from the end of the wall to win the game;added glory to a gong

七对:seven pairs

砌牌:forming the wall of stacks

清一色:all of one suit; flush; having all tiles in one suit

全字:pure characters

门(前)清:all concealed hand 十三幺:the thirteen orphans(1,9,and one of each character);13 terminal tiles

天和:a natural win; a heavenly hand

地和:earthly hand

一条龙:a complete sequence from 1 to 9

混一色:mixed one suit

小三元:junior 3 chiefs

大三元:grand 3 chiefs

海底捞月:catching the moon from the bottom of the sea

小四喜:junior 4 happiness

大四喜:grand 4 happiness

清一色:pure one suit

字一色:all honor tiles

诈和:declaring a false win;falsely declaring a win

做相公:be unconscious of a shortage or surplus of tiles

大/小相公:long or short hand



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