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英语文摘:7个方法克服“春眠”

2015-04-14    来源:普特编辑部    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

7个方法克服“春眠”
7 ways to beat 'spring sleepiness'

所谓春眠不觉晓,就是睡不饱。在这春暖花开的时候,人却常感到困倦,特别爱睡,所以古人说“春眠不觉晓”。春天是万物复苏,生机勃勃的季节,人为什么反而会困倦欲睡呢?

原来,人体的血液循环有一定的规律,每个脏器的血液供应量也相对稳定。一个60千克体重的人,安静时脑子的血供量约为每分钟750毫升;皮肤血供量约为450毫升。如果脑子的血供量不足,人就容易困倦。而春天正是脑子与皮肤血供量产生变化的季节,因此带来了困倦现象。

【原滋原味英语文摘】

While the rest of the world is waking up as the weather turns warm, our bodies may not respond the same way. Many of us may share the same feeling of inexplicable drowsiness as we embrace spring, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a term for it: chunkun, "spring sleepiness".

Although spring sleepiness is not an illness, the following tips might be essential for those who really need to stay awake.

1. Don't sleep more, exercise more

Eight hours of sleep is usually enough for adults. Getting longer sleep may reduce activity in the cerebral cortex, making people sleepier. Instead, slightly increase the level of your physical activity, which will help to send more oxygen to the brain, making us feel awake and energetic. Aerobic exercise, such as jogging, swimming and rope skipping, are recommended.

 



2. Fight back with caffeine but do not overdose

A cup of coffee or tea that contains a good amount of caffeine is good for the health, and is important to keep us alert for important occasions, such a crucial meeting. However, too much coffee may cause an accelerated heartbeat, anxiety and other symptoms that may be linked to heart problems.

3. More protein and fruits, and less greasy foods

Modern research finds that sleepiness in spring is usually accompanied by insufficient protein, vitamins and an imbalance of internal acid. To feel light and alert, eat more food that is high in protein, such as salmon and eggs; rich in vitamins, such as citrus and lemon and alkaline foods, such as fresh vegetables. Greasy foods and alcohol will have the reverse effect.

 



4. Splash cold water on your face

If a cup of coffee doesn't keep you awake long enough, try splashing cold water on your face, which is always refreshing. Also try brushing your teeth with mint-scented toothpaste, or use mouthwash.

5. Get some fresh air

Make sure that air flows properly in your office and bedroom. Bad air flow will lead to insufficient oxygen, which will affect the brain's performance. Also go outdoors to get close to nature.

6. Drink enough water

Try to always have a bottle of water next to you, as it can help to eliminate accumulated toxins and help to fight spring fatigue. You can also add slices of lemon to ginger it up and make it vitamin-rich.

7. Find the natural scent that awakes you

Smelling an aromatic oil, plant or herb is one way to wake up our senses. Try placing a pot of fresh mint or basil on your office desk, or apply some pungent feng you jing, a special medicated oil used to relieve headaches and minor aches.

If none of the above tips work for you, you should be fine by the end of April. ( via China Daily)

重点解析 Key Phrases/Words

1. inexplicable .adj. 无法解释的,费解的,莫名其妙的

2. drowsiness n. 睡意,嗜睡

3. cerebral cortex 大脑皮质,大脑皮层

4. overdose v. 使用...过量,过度摄取

5. reverse effect 逆转作用,逆效果,反作用

6. splash v. 使(液体)溅起,泼

7. fatigue v. 使疲劳,使疲乏 n.疲劳,疲乏

8. pungent adj. 辛辣的,刺激性的



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