Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's Regular Press Conference on May 22, 2016
Q: According to media reports, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology recently published new review results for high-school textbooks, deleting lots of contents on numbers of Chinese civilians murdered by the Japanese army during the Nanjing Massacre, and stating that Diaoyu Dao is "inherent territory" of Japan. How do you respond? Has China lodged any representation with Japan?
A: China is severely concerned about the relevant moves taken in Japan, and has lodged solemn representations with Japan.
I'd like to emphasize that Diaoyu Dao and its affiliated islands have always been China's inherent territory. Whatever attempts Japan makes to promote and market its fallacious position, it can not change the fact that Diaoyu Dao belongs to China.
The Nanjing Massacre is an atrocity committed by Japanese militarism when they invaded China. The evidence is iron-clad and the conclusion has long been drawn. The distortion and deletion of history in Japanese textbooks once again exposes that Japan is unwilling to face up to history, which is a wrong and dangerous attitude. We strongly urge Japan to take a responsible attitude towards history, honor its commitment of looking squarely at and reflecting upon its history of invasion, educate the younger generation with a right perception of history, and make real efforts to improve its relations with neighboring countries.
Q: According to media reports of the Philippines, a captain of a Philippine fishing vessel said that his ship was twice warned and driven away by Chinese coast guard vessels while fishing around Huangyan Dao in early March. The US Chief of Naval Operations also said recently that the US military detected some Chinese ships operating in waters off Huangyan Dao. Please confirm this and give us more details.
A: Huangyan Dao is China's inherent territory. Some Philippine fishing vessels have recently been engaged in illegal actions in waters off China's Huangyan Dao. They intruded into lagoons without any permission, trawled illegally in relevant waters and illegally stayed for a very long time. Chinese official vessels, acting in line with law, persuaded illegal Philippine fishing vessels to leave this area. But the Philippine ships refused to obey, and some people aboard even waved around machetes and flung fire bombs, carried out deliberate provocation, and attacked the Chinese law enforcers and official boats. These actions defied China's law enforcement and seriously threatened the safety and order of the waters off Huangyan Dao. China has no other choice but to strengthen supervision in waters off Huangyan Dao to uphold sovereignty as well as safety and order in the relevant waters.
Q: Kazakhstan recently held an election for the lower house of its parliament. Preliminary results show that Nur Otan party led by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev has won the election. What is your comment?
A: China has noticed that the election for Kazakh parliament's lower house has gone smoothly. We hereby send our congratulations. China and Kazakhstan are friendly neighbors, and we sincerely hope that Kazakhstan would build on this good momentum. We are willing to cement the traditional friendship with Kazakhstan, expand cooperation for mutual benefits, strengthen coordination and cooperation in international and regional affairs, and move forward the comprehensive strategic partnership between China and Kazakhstan.
Q: It is reported that Japan began to transport weapons-grade plutonium to the US which was enough to make 50 atomic bombs. Some international organizations criticized that the plutonium Japan transferred only accounted for a tiny part of its total stockpile, and Japan's move was not conducive to nuclear non-proliferation. How do you respond?
A: I have noted the relevant report. The last nuclear security summit will be commenced at the end of this month. If I remember it correctly, Japan promised to return this cache of sensitive nuclear materials at the last summit held two years ago. Japan should have honored this commitment at an earlier date.
Japan also has large stockpiles of other sensitive nuclear materials, including separated plutonium and large amount of highly enriched uranium. This issue has indeed attracted global attention. It is hoped that the Japanese side would take necessary steps to address the concerns of the international community.
Q: It is reported that the UN Security Council Sanctions Committee on the DPRK decided to remove sanctions on 4 vessels that are linked to arms trading. What is China's comment?
A: The Sanctions Committee studied and found that Jin Teng and other 3 vessels have no links to the DPRK'S Ocean Maritime Management that is sanctioned by the Security Council, so they decided to remove these 4 ships from the sanction list under the Security Council Resolution 2270. Following the latest development, the Sanctions Committee made changes to the sanction list. This is a consensus forged among all parties of the Security Council, and also in line with the rules of the Sanctions Committee.
Q: According to media reports, chief of the Japanese cabinet legislation bureau, when being asked whether using nuclear weapons was unconstitutional at the budget committee of the Japanese lower house, answered that the Japanese Constitution did not ban the usage of nuclear weapons. Regarding his remarks, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga replied "completely impossible", and denied the possibility of possessing and using nuclear weapons in the future. What is China's comment?
A: China has noted such reports. As a signatory country to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Japan should be clear about its own obligations. But still we keep hearing remarks in Japan supporting the possession of nuclear weapons, which has raised concerns of the international community. It is a high-ranking official from the Japanese cabinet that made such remarks on nuclear weapons this time, and such remarks have made the world more anxious. We urge the Japanese government to expound its position on this issue.
Q: US Assistant Secretary of State Daniel R. Russel said that the arbitration case in the South China Sea initiated by the Philippines was a good example showing that claimants in the South China Sea or any country could use the current mechanism of international law to solve problems, and that the US would strive to uphold the rule-based order in the South China Sea. How does China respond?
A: Just as Foreign Minister Wang Yi put it when meeting the press during the two Sessions, the Philippines stubbornly initiated and forced forward the South China Sea arbitration case, and such action is unlawful, unfaithful and unreasonable. It is clearly the result of behind-the-scenes instigation and political maneuvering. As for this action that deploys legal tools to serve political purposes, China is certainly not going to humor it.
It is interesting that the US cannot stop talking about the arbitration case and UNCLOS. If the US really wants to uphold order and stability in the South China Sea, why hasn't it joined UNCLOS yet?