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2015年5月CATTI三级笔译英译汉实务参考译文及解析(1)

2016-05-18    来源:CATTI考试资料与资讯    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
For generations, coal has been the lifeblood of this mineral-rich stretch of eastern Utah. Mining families proudly recall all the years they toiled underground. Supply companies line the town streets. Above the road that winds toward the mines, a soot-smudged miner peers out from a billboard with the slogan “Coal = Jobs.”
犹他州东部的这个地带矿产资源丰富,几代人以来,煤炭一直是其经济命脉。谈及地下采煤的往事,矿工家庭都会倍感自豪。煤炭供应公司在城镇街道两旁鳞次栉比。通向矿场的蜿蜒的道路上,可以看到画着矿工形象的广告牌,他满身煤污,凝视远方,旁边写着“煤炭=工作”的标语。
 
【注释1】Toil 长时间或辛苦工作
Students toiling over their homework
辛辛苦苦做功课的学生
We toiled away all afternoon to get the house ready for our guests.
我们忙了一下午收拾房子准备迎接宾客.
 
【注释2】Smudge / smʌdʒ; smʌdʒ/ 污点, 污迹(常因磨擦造成的)
 
You’ve got a smudge of soot on your cheek.
你脸上有块煤灰污迹.
Wash your hands or you’ll make smudges on the writing paper.
把手洗乾净, 别把写字的纸弄脏了.
 
But recently, fear has settled in. The state’s oldest coal-fired power plant, tucked among the canyons near town, is set to close, a result of new, stricter federal pollution regulations.
但是最近,人们开始担忧起来。小镇附近的峡谷间有全州最早的火电厂,如今它正面临关停厄运,因为联邦政府新颁布了更严格的污染治理法规。
 
As energy companies tack away from coal, toward cleaner, cheaper natural gas, people here have grown increasingly afraid that their community may soon slip away. Dozens of workers at the facility here, the Carbon Power Plant, have learned that they must retire early or seek other jobs. Local trucking and equipment outfits are preparing to take business elsewhere.
随着能源公司纷纷放弃煤炭,转而选择更加清洁廉价的天然气,人们日渐担心这种改变也会一并带走他们的家园。当地卡本发电厂的很多工人已经意识到,他们将不得不提早退休或另寻出路。
 
【注释3】Afraid 不只是害怕,还有担心
 
I was afraid that nobody would believe me.
我担心没有人会相信我的话。
 
【注释4】Tack
To change the direction or course of a vessel:
抢风调向:改变一艘船的方向或航线:
 
ready to tack on the captain’s signal.
准备一等船长发出信号就换抢风向
 
【注释5】Dozens 不确定的大数量的:
dozens of errands to run.
许多要跑腿的差事
 
She’s got dozens of boy-friends.
她的男朋友多极了.
 
(来源:CATTI考试资料与资讯 作者:王宁 )


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