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中高级笔译必备:常用成语英译(2)

2015-03-18    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

(三) 目的关系
减员增效downsize (and cut payroll) to improve efficiency (for efficiency)
退耕还林return cultivated land to forest or pastures
集资办学raise money to set up new schools
结党营私form cliques for private gain
扭亏为盈turn a loss-making enterprise into a profitable one

(四) 途径方式
寓教于乐teach through lively activities
因材施教teach students according to their aptitude
按劳分配distribution according to performance
以商养文support /sponsor cultural activities with the profits from doing business

(五) 偏正词组
廉洁奉公honestly perform one’s official duties
环境绿化environmental greening
超前消费premature consumption; Over-consume; excessive consumption
以强凌弱the strong domineering over the weak
以人为本people foremost; People-oriented

(六) 动宾关系
优势互补complement each other’s advantages
自主经营,自负盈亏make one’s own management decisions, take full responsibility for one’s own profits and losses

(七) 条件关系
不进则退no progress simply means regression

(八) 省略意象
瞻前顾后over cautions and indecisive
源远流长have a long history
呕心沥血spare no efforts
画龙点睛bring out the crucial point
花天酒地go on the loose
汗马功劳exploits
闻名遐迩famous
独具匠心original
中流砥柱mainstay, chief cornerstone
鱼米之乡a land of milk and honey
世外桃源a haven of peace
浩如烟海的文化典籍numerous volumes of literature



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