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新词新译系列-D 3

2014-01-17    来源:网络    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

断腕 (duan4wan4) desperate act to survive

This term derives from a Chinese idiom describing a heroic man amputating his own hand after being bitten by a deadly poisonous snake. It now refers to anyone who makes a courageous decision to survive a difficult or death-or-life situation by making a major sacrifice.

大非/小非 (da4fei1/xiao3fei1) big/small non-tradable stock

The big non-tradable shares account for five to ten percent of the stock capital and are tradable two years after the reshuffling is completed while the small ones account for less than five percent of the capital and are tradable one year after the reform of stock right is completed.

电电车 (dian4dian4che1) BC trolley bus

Equipped with lithium battery and capacitor, the new environment-friendly electric bus has been introduced into Shanghai recently. It can run for a day with a single recharge and doesn’t produce emissions.

袋鼠爸爸 (dai4shu3ba3ba) kangaroo dad

It refers to a dad who takes care of his child as diligently as a mother. In particular, it refers to a dad who often has skin-to-skin care of his baby to show the intimacy of a loving dad.

电眼 (dian4yan3) electrifying eyes

Youngsters in China these days use the expression to refer to the beautiful eyes of either a female or a male that are said to send a shiver down the spine of the attracted beholder, like an electric current.

堵单 (du3dan1) stocks trading jam

The term refers to difficulties in placing orders with brokerages to trade certain securities. It happens quite often these days as millions of new stock investors keep swarming into the market and brokerages, outdated systems fail to cope with the sudden surge in trading volume.

代课族 (dai4ke4zu2) surrogate student

In some Chinese universities, a group of students are earning a fat income by attending classes to answer the roll call and take notes on behalf of “client students” from either the same college or outside institutes.

带病提拔 (dai4bing4 ti2ba2) promote problematic official

China calls for a strict appraisal of government officials to avoid promoting problematic ones, such as those who are involved in corruption cases.

地方粮票 (di4fang1liang2piao4) local policy

The Chinese term literally means local food ration coupons that were widely used in the 1960s when there was a food shortage. Now the term means any policy that’s applicable only in a specific locality.

大五 (da4wu3) dependent college graduate

The expression refers to those university graduates in Chinese cities who live off their parents several months or even a few years after their graduation. This Chinese term is coined to mean the “fifth year in university,” implying someone “overstaying” his or her college life.

丁宠家庭 (ding1chong3jia1ting2) pets-only DINK family

This term refers to DINK (double incomes no kids) and “pets-only” families. Such families prefer to have pets rather than children.

带薪创业 (dai4xin1 chuang4ye4) official-to-businessman switch

It refers to a policy in Xianyang City, Shaanxi Province, which encourages its government officials to become entrepreneurs. According to the policy, the government will keep paying those officials 100 percent of their salaries for the first three years when they start their own businesses. It’s regarded as one of the ways to streamline overstaffed government offices.

倒闭网络公司 (dao3bi4wang3luo4gong1si1) dot-bomb

This term simply means any dot.com companies that are going down the drain or have failed.

刀下美人 (dao1xia4 mei3ren2) man-made beauty

This Chinese phrase derives from the title of a 1929 Chinese movie “the Beauty Under the Blade.” Now it refers to “man-made beauties” who have gained their looks through surgery.



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