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CATTI笔译词汇---传统文化篇

2015-08-13    来源:未知    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

CATTI笔译词汇---传统文化篇

【艺术及工艺 Arts and Crafts】

版画 engraving

贝雕画 shell carving picture

彩塑 painted sculpture

瓷器 porcelain; china

刺绣 embroidery

雕刻 carving

宫灯 palace lantern

国画 Chinese painting

剪纸 paper-cut

景德镇瓷 Jingdezhen porcelain

景泰蓝 cloisonné enamel

蜡染 batik

卖秸画 straw patchwork

木/石/竹刻 wood/stone/bamboo carving

木刻画 wood engraving

泥人儿 clay figure

皮影 shadow puppet

漆画 lacquer painting

漆器 lacquer ware

双面绣 two-sided embroidery

水墨画 Chinese brush drawing ; ink and wash painting

檀香扇 sandalwood fan

唐三彩 Tang tri-colored pottery

陶器 pottery ; earthenware

图章 seal

拓碑 making rubbings from inscriptions , pictures , etc . on stone tablets

拓片 rubbing

微雕 miniature engraving

象牙雕刻 ivory carving

宜兴陶 Yixing pottery

篆刻 seal cutting

【戏剧表演 Theatrical Performances】

京剧人物脸谱 types of facial makeup in Beijing opera

生 male characters

末 middle-aged male characters

净 “painted face” characters

旦 female characters

丑 clown

京剧票友 amateur performer of Peking Opera

木偶戏 puppet show

独角戏 monodrama; one-man play

皮影戏 shadow play; leather-silhouette show

折子戏 opera highlights

戏剧小品 skit

哑剧 dumb show; mime; mummery; pantomime

单口相声 monologue comic talk

双口相声 witty dialogue

口技 vocal imitations; ventriloquism

说书 monologue story-telling

杂技 acrobatic performance

叠罗汉 making a human pyramid

特技 stunt

睬高跷 stilt walk

马戏 circus performances

【 神话人物 Mythological Figures】

八仙 the Eight Immortals

嫦娥 Chang'e ( the Chinese moon goddess)

伏羲 Fu Xi (God of Fishery and Husbandry)

福禄寿三星 the three gods of fortune , prosperity and longevity

共工 God of Water

后羿 Houyi (a legendary hero who shot down nine suns )

黄帝 Yellow Emperor

夸父 Kuafu (a fabled sun-chasing giant )

女 Goddess of Sky-patching

盘古 Pan Gu (creator of the universe )

神农 Patron of Agriculture

禹 Yu ( the reputed founder of the Xia Dynasty )

祝融 God of Fire

【古代建筑 Ancient Architecture】      

塔 pagoda   

琉璃塔 glazed stupa   

舍利塔 dagoba; sarira stupa ( a pagoda for Buddhist relics )   

舍利子 sarira remains from cremation of Buddha's of saints' body   

喇叭塔 Lamaist pagoda   

楼 storied buildings   

钟楼 bell tower   

鼓楼 drum tower   

阁 pavilion   

烽火台 beacon tower   

华表 ornamental column   

牌坊 memorial archway     

传统节日 Traditional Festivals      

拜年 paying a New Year call   

爆竹 firecracker   

鞭炮 a string of small firecrackers   

除夕 New Year's Eve   

春节 Spring Festival   

春联 Spring Festival couplets (conveying best wishes for the year )   

辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new   

大扫除 year-end household cleaning   

灯谜 lantern riddles   

登高 hill climbing   

端午节 Dragon Boat Festival   

恭喜发财 May you be prosperous! / Wish you all the best!   

观灯 viewing the lanterns   

贺岁片 New Year film   

饺子 dumplings (with meat and vegetable stuffing )   

龙灯舞 dragon lantern dance   

庙会 temple fair   

年画 New Year picture   

年夜饭 family reunion dinner on Lunar New Year's Eve   

清明节 Tomb-sweeping Festival   

扫墓 paying respect to the dead   

赏菊 enjoying chrysanthemum   

赏月 enjoying the full moon   

狮子舞 lion dance   

压岁钱 money given to children as a Lunar New Year gift   

秧歌舞 yangge dance   

元宵 sweet rice-flour dumplings (eaten on the Lantern Festival )   

元宵节 Lantern Festival   

月饼 moon cake   

植树节 Tree-planting Day   

中秋节 Mid-autumn Festival   

重阳节 Double Ninth Festival   

粽子 a pyramid-shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves



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