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中央文献重要术语译文发布(2015年第一期)

2015-12-01    来源:中央编译局    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

中央文献重要术语译文发布(2015年第一期)
 
“四个全面”战略布局
 Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy

【释义】全面建成小康社会、全面深化改革、全面依法治国、全面从严治党。

The Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy is to make comprehensive moves to:

1) finish building a moderately prosperous society;

2) deepen reform;

3) advance the law-based governance of China; and

4) strengthen Party self-discipline.
 
“两个一百年”奋斗目标
 Two Centenary Goals


【释义】在中国共产党成立一百年时全面建成小康社会,在新中国成立一百年时建成富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家。

The Two Centenary Goals are: to finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by the time the Communist Party of China celebrates its centenary in 2021; and to turn China into a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, and harmonious by the time the People’s Republic of China celebrates its centenary in 2049.
 
三期叠加
simultaneously deal with the slowdown in economic growth, make difficult structural adjustments, and absorb the effects of previous economic stimulus policies

 
双目标
dual objectives


【例】保持中高速增长和迈向中高端水平双目标。

We must focus on achieving the dual objectives of maintaining a medium-high rate of growth and moving toward a medium-high level of development.
 
双引擎
twin engines

【例】打造大众创业、万众创新和增加公共产品、公共服务双引擎。
We need to develop twin engines – popular entrepreneurship and innovation, and greater supplies of public goods and services – to drive development.
 
新常态
new normal


【例】经济发展进入新常态,精神面貌要有新状态。
China’s economic development has entered a new normal, meaning we must adopt a new mindset.
 
高压态势
tough stance


【例】始终保持反腐高压态势,对腐败分子零容忍、严查处。

Our tough stance on corruption is here to stay; our tolerance for corruption is zero, and anyone guilty of corruption will be dealt with severely.
 
硬骨头
tough issue


【例】啃了不少硬骨头
We tackled many tough issues.
 
拦路虎
tiger in the road


【例】体制机制弊端和结构性矛盾是“拦路虎”。
Institutional and structural problems have become “tigers in the road” holding up development.
 
扶上马、送一程
give (sb) a leg up to get (sb) going


【例】中小微企业大有可为,要扶上马、送一程。
Medium, small, and micro businesses can accomplish great things. We need to give them a leg up to get them going.
 
创客
maker

【例】众多“创客” 脱颖而出。
We have seen great numbers of makers giving expression to their talents.
 
众创空间
maker space


【例】发展众创空间
develop maker spaces
 
中国制造2025
Made in China 2025 strategy

 
“互联网+”行动计划
Internet Plus Action Plan
 
普惠金融
inclusive finance
 
税收法定原则
principle of law-based taxation
 
保持战略定力
maintain strategic focus
 
经济行稳致远
maintain sustainable economic growth
 
强农惠农富农
strengthen agriculture, benefit farmers, and raise rural living standards
 
健康稳定的大国关系框架
a sound and stable framework for major-country relations
 
为公平竞争搭好舞台
level the playing field for fair competition
 
织密织牢民生保障网
develop a tightly woven and sturdy safety net
 
让更多的金融活水流向实体经济
allow more financial resources to be channeled into the real economy
 
从制造大国转向制造强国
transform China from a manufacturer of quantity to one of quality
 
加强国际传播能力建设
improve our ability to communicate effectively with international audiences
 
结构性减税和普遍性降费
make structural tax reductions and cut fees across the board
 
精准扶贫、精准脱贫
take targeted measures to help people lift themselves out of poverty
 
以释放市场活力对冲经济下行压力
invigorate the market to offset downward economic pressure
 
保基本、兜底线、建机制
build up a basic safety net, ensure there is a cushion in place for those most in need, and make due institutional arrangements
 
有权不可任性
Power is not to be used arbitrarily.



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