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英语词汇:Bivouac你造吗?

2014-10-22    来源:普特英语听力    【      美国外教 在线口语培训
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2014-09-04 How to Use a Word

Today's word is bivouac, spelled B-I-V-O-U-A-C.

Bivouac is a verb that means to make a temporary encampment under little or no shelter. It can also mean to take shelter often temporarily, or to provide temporary quarters for. Here is the word used in a sentence.

The search party bivouacked under a nearby ledge until the storm passed.

In his 1841 dictionary, Noah Webster observed that the word bivouac is a French borrowing having military origins. He defined the noun bivouac as "the guard or watch of a whole army, as in cases of great danger of surprise or attack" and the verb as "to watch or be on guard, as a whole army." The French word is derived from the Low German word biwacht, which translates to "by guard." Germans used the word specifically for a patrol of citizens who assisted the town watch at night. Today, bivouac has less to do with guarding and patrolling than it does with taking shelter.

With your Word of the Day, I'm Peter Sokolowski.

重点词汇:encampment :营地;露营

                  ledge:暗礁;壁架;矿层

文本来源于普特听力论坛[word-lover] 【整理】2014-09-04 How to Use a Wo


2014-09-04 如何使用单词

今天的单词是bivouac,拼作B-I-V-O-U-A-C。

Bivouac是一个动词,意思是在有或没有些许遮蔽之下搭建一个临时的宿营地。这个单词也有时常临时露宿或提供一个暂时的住处。以下是一个例句。

搜查队在附近的暗礁扎营直到暴风雨过去。

在Noah Webster1841年的词典中,他注意到这是一个来源于军事方面的法语借词。他把名词性的bivouac定义为为了防止突袭或攻击等危险情况发生的整个军队的看守或者值班人员。而动词的意思是看守或守卫整个军队。这个法语单词来源于低地德语单词biwacht,翻译为守卫。德国人专门用这个单词指那些帮助城镇夜间巡逻的公民。如今bivouac和看守巡逻的关系已经不如露宿那么多了。

以上是今天的单词,我是Peter Sokolowski。



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