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美军或于年底前全面撤出阿富汗

2014-02-28    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Obama raises possibility of no U.S. troops in Afghanistan beyond 2014

U.S. President Barack Obama on Tuesday raised the possibility of complete withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2014, leaving security of the central Asian country in the balance.

In a phone conversation with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, Obama said Washington would move forward with "additional contingency planning" for an orderly withdrawal by the end of the year since Karzai has refused to sign a bilateral security agreement, which grants legal immunity to residual American troops.

Obama, however, left open the possibility of concluding the security pact with Afghanistan later this year, as a new Afghan president will emerge in elections slated for April.

U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Tuesday that the Pentagon will work to ensure that adequate plans are in place for an orderly withdrawal by the end of 2014.

In a statement, the Pentagon chief called the potential "zero option" a prudent step in face of Karzai's unwillingness to sign the security deal.

"As the United States military continues to move people and equipment out of the Afghan theater, our force posture over the next several months will provide various options for political leaders in the United States and NATO," Hagel said.

Army Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, also stressed the importance of a bilateral security pact between the United States and Afghanistan.

He warned Tuesday on his way to Afghanistan that time is running out and that there is a point at which the option of having U.S. and NATO troops in Afghanistan beyond 2014 may no longer be feasible.

"What I don't want to do is run out of options for our elected leaders or for Afghanistan," he told reporters traveling with him.

NATO's separate combat mission in Afghanistan ends at the end of the year. A follow-up NATO mission -- Operation Resolute Support -- begins Jan. 1, which will see NATO forces engaged at the regional level helping to train, advise and assist Afghan army and police formations. By then NATO would need the Afghan government's approval to legally remain in the country.

Before this can happen, Afghanistan must sign the bilateral security agreement with Washington. Once the U.S.-Afghan agreement is signed, NATO will negotiate a similar pact.

The residual American troops will also be tasked with training and assisting Afghan security forces and conducting counterterrorism operations beyond 2014 after most American and NATO combat troops exit.

Gen. Dempsey said the past year has been "surprisingly positive" for the Afghan national security forces. Both NATO and Afghan leaders underestimated the abilities of the newly formed apparatus, he said.

Since taking over security responsibilities throughout the country last year, Afghan forces have done very well. The Taliban obviously did not have much success, he said. They never retook territory, they launched few large attacks in the Afghan capital of Kabul, and they have not discredited the security forces, the general noted.

But he emphasized that the question now is not how the Afghan forces are doing, but rather how the upcoming Afghan election will come off, and whether there will be a political system to embrace the Afghan forces and their progress in the months ahead.

相关新闻:美国总统奥巴马25日警告说,若阿富汗政府拒绝签署《双边安全协议》,美军可能在今年年底前全面撤出阿富汗。

美国白宫25日发表声明说,奥巴马是在当天与阿富汗总统卡尔扎伊通电话时作上述表示的。奥巴马说,鉴于卡尔扎伊已经表明不太可能会签署安全协议,美国将推进“新增应急计划”,他已要求五角大楼确保做好年底前“有秩序的”全面撤军安排。

奥巴马同时也表示,不排除在今年晚些时候与阿富汗政府签署安全协议的可能性,但他警告说,协议签署的时间越往后拖,驻阿美军执行计划受到的挑战将越大,同时2014年后驻留军队的规模和任务量将可能越小。

美国国防部长哈格尔当天表示,国防部将执行“新增应急计划”,确保各项安排到位,为2014年后的“零驻军”做好准备。

阿富汗和美国自2012年11月起就《双边安全协议》进行谈判,协议涉及两国在安全领域的合作,尤其是北约2014年从阿富汗大规模撤军后继续驻留阿富汗的美军规模,旨在为美军2014年后继续在阿行动提供法律基础。

美方表示,如果阿政府签署协议,美国愿意在该国保留一小部分军队以执行援助、培训和反恐任务,否则将全面撤出军队。卡尔扎伊则坚持要求美方首先满足一些条件,包括美军停止进入阿富汗人家中执行反恐任务、释放关押在关塔那摩监狱内的阿富汗籍囚犯等。(新华网)



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