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英政府承诺为威尔士下放更多立法权

2014-03-05    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

British gov't welcomes "power devolution" recommendations from Wales

British government on Monday welcomed the publication of a report aimed at giving more autonomous powers to Britain's western region of Wales, according to the British Prime Minister's Office.

The 219-page report, penned by the Commission on Devolution in Wales, examined the powers of the National Assembly for Wales and made 61 recommendations to devolve more legislative powers from Westminster to the local government in Wales.

The recommended changes in the report cover a wide array of areas ranging from intergovernmental relations, economy, transport, natural resources, broadcasting, policing and justice to health and social security.

"I am proud of (British) Government's record in delivering for Wales and bringing further devolution," British Prime Minister David Cameron said, adding that the recommendations "propose a new course for the future."

"The tax and borrowing powers we are devolving will give the Welsh Assembly and Welsh Government additional means to help generate economic growth," Cameron added, promising to "give careful thought" to each of the recommendations.

British Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg also congratulated on the publication of the document.

"The proposed measures in that (report) could mean big changes for everyone in Wales: more local decisions over how your taxes are spent, more powers over how much Wales borrows and more importantly, more decisions about Wales made by the people of Wales," Clegg said.

However, British Secretary of State for Wales David Jones warned that "there is insufficient time remaining in this Parliament to implement any changes that require primary legislation," as the British general election is set to take place in 2015.

"These will therefore be a matter for the next Government and Parliament, and for political parties to set out their proposals and intentions to the electorate ahead of the General Election in 2015," Jones said.

The National Assembly for Wales was established in 1999 by the Government of Wales Act 1998, which transferred many powers from British central government to the local Assembly.

In 1997 and 1998, referendums were held in Scotland, Wales and the Northern Ireland, with each of them winning public endorsement for the creation of a devolved legislature.

The British Parliament then passed devolution acts to establish a devolved legislature for each of the three regions, granting them some power previously held at Westminster.

相关新闻:英国首相卡梅伦3日承诺,英国政府将继续致力于向威尔士地区“下放”更多立法权,赋予威尔士地区更多自治权。

英国威尔士独立研究机构“威尔士权力转移委员会”3日发布报告,提出61项建议以指引英国中央政府向威尔士地区“转移”立法权力,卡梅伦和英国副首相尼克·克莱格都对这份报告表示欢迎。

这份报告提出的“权力转移”建议涵盖了中央与地方政府关系、经济、交通、自然资源、广播、警权与司法、卫生和社会保障等众多领域。

卡梅伦表示,英国中央政府已经在致力于向威尔士地区下放更多立法权力,这份报告为威尔士的未来指出新的方向。

卡梅伦称,英国中央政府已经根据该委员会此前提出的建议,向威尔士国民议会和地方政府转移税收和借贷方面的权力,中央政府相关部门会“认真考虑”这批新的提议。

“威尔士权力转移委员会”由英国威尔士地区政界、学界和商界人士组成,致力于为中央政府向威尔士地区“下放”权力提供决策参考。

1997年到1998年,英国威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰地区分别举行公投,三地民众在公投中都倾向于成立地方立法机构以获取更大自治权。

随后,英国议会通过法案,在三个地区分别成立地方立法机构,将议会的部分立法权“移交”给三地地方议会行使,但中央议会有权收回或修改“移交”给地方议会的权力。(新华网)



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