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埃及军方领导人塞西宣布参加总统竞选

2014-03-28    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Egypt's army chief Sisi declares presidential candidacy

Egypt's army chief Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi on Wednesday announced his resignation as well as bid for the upcoming presidential elections, which is long expected by the public after he toppled the former president in July last year.

"Today, I stand before you for the last time in military uniform," Sisi said in a televised statement, dressed in his field marshal's uniform, sitting behind a wooden desk.

"I decided to end my service as a military chief and the defense minister," he added, vowing that he will fight for an Egypt "free of terrorism."

"I modestly announce to you my bid to run for the presidential elections," he said, noting that he put on and took off his military uniform for Egypt.

According to Egypt's newly-established constitution, only civilians have the right to run for president, therefore, Sisi's quit from the military and the cabinet is a required step.

Sisi made the campaign-style speech after a lengthy meeting on Wednesday night with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) in the presence of Interim President Adli Mansour.

"No one can force Egyptians to elect a president they do not want," Sisi said. He also urged other candidates to run for the presidency. "I will be happy to see the victory of any candidate chosen by the people."

Egypt is facing a "weak economy" and "threats from terrorism," the ex-army leader said, stressing that he would not "perform miracles" but promise to "work hard and earnestly" for the country's rise and best interests.

Talking about his presidential campaign, Sisi said he would offer a clear vision for establishing "a democratic and modern state" in the future.

"If I am given the honor of ruling the country, I promise you that I will achieve together stability, security and hope for Egypt," he said.

In a meeting held in late January, the SCAF gave Sisi the green light to run for president in response to popular demands, as Sisi's popularity mounted after he toppled Muslim Brotherhood-oriented President Mohamed Morsi on July 3 after mass protests against his one-year turbulent rule.

The 59-year-old field marshal had hinted several times that he would join next month's presidential elections if there is a "military mandate and people's demands," rejecting reports that the army would regain power after ousting Morsi, Egypt's first democratically-elected president.

The military-backed transitional roadmap says that parliamentary elections were supposed to be held ahead of the presidential race. However, Mansour, who was installed interim president by the army, said in late January that presidential polls would come first.

Meanwhile, the interim leader promoted Wednesday Army Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Sedki Sobhi to the higher rank of general, which is seen as a prior step to replace Sisi as defense minister.

According to the constitution, the president cannot appoint a defense minister without the approval of SCAF.

Besides Sisi, leftist leader Hamdeen Sabahy is the only one who has officially announced intention to run for the presidency.

Just a few hours before Sisi's address, clashes between Morsi's student supporters and security forces erupted across the Egypt, killing one protester at a Cairo university campus.

Students staged demonstrations after noon prayers against Monday's mass death sentence to 529 Brotherhood supporters in southern governorate of Minya, the largest act in the country's modern judicial history.

Protests, clashes and trials of Morsi's loyalists have been a nearly daily occurrence since he was removed. Islamist extremists have also launched attacks against armed forces and their installations.

相关新闻:埃及军方领导人塞西26日宣布辞去武装部队总司令及国防部长职务,参加即将到来的总统竞选。

塞西当天发表电视讲话说,他虽然即将脱去军装,但辞职同样是为了埃及的国防事业;而做出参选总统的决定也是基于人民的要求,没有人能够在缺少人民支持的情况下担任总统。

塞西说,埃及当前在政治、经济、社会和安全等方面都面临着严峻的挑战,需要埃及人民携手勇敢面对。塞西说,他也许无法“创造奇迹”,但一定会为国家利益而尽职尽责;如果当选总统,他承诺将为国家带来稳定、安全和希望,将埃及建成一个民主的现代国家。

根据埃及新宪法,塞西必须辞去国防部长和军方职务后才有权竞选总统。上月8日,埃及左翼政治团体领导人、2012年总统候选人哈姆丁·萨巴希正式宣布参加总统竞选。至此,仅有萨巴希和塞西两人正式宣布竞选总统。

此外,在埃及武装部队最高委员会当天举行的会议上,临时总统曼苏尔授予武装部队总参谋长西德基·苏卜希上将军衔,舆论普遍认为后者或将成为新的国防部长人选。

今年1月11日,塞西首次公开表示可能参加总统竞选,前提是“人民的诉求和军方的授权”。同月27日,武装部队最高委员会同意塞西参选。

今年1月中旬,埃及新宪法草案在公投中获高票通过。同月26日,曼苏尔签署总统令,宣布总统选举将在新宪法生效后的30日至90日之内举行。曼苏尔3月8日颁布了修订后的《总统选举法》,但最高选举委员会尚未宣布大选的日期。(新华网)



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