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默克尔称欧盟将重新审视能源政策

2014-03-31    来源:新华网    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

EU to review energy policy: Merkel

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on Thursday that the European Union would review its energy policy and reduce its reliance on Russian oil and gas.

"There will be a new look at energy policy as a whole," she said in a joint press conference with visiting Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper, adding that the EU was highly dependent on Russia for fuels.

The EU is threatening that economic sanctions would be slapped on Russia, if the crisis in Crimea escalated. 33 officials from Crimea and Russia have been blacklisted by the 28-member union.

Economists warned that given the close trade ties between EU and Russia, economic sanctions would also hurt the recovering economy in Europe.

In Germany, roughly 31 percent of total crude oil and natural gas imports came from Russia. "Germany cannot afford to cease trade with Russia entirely in the short-term," said Erdal Yalcin, an expert from market research institute Ifo.

The Munich-based institute found in its recent survey that German business morale in March dipped after four consecutive monthly increases, due to the events in Crimea. GfK, another research institute, also warned earlier this week that German consumers' sentiment would be negatively affected by the events.

As Germany has decided to phase out nuclear energy, a gap exists before the country reaches its target of having 80 percent of power from the renewables by 2050. For filling the power gap, conventional sources such as oil, gas and coal are needed.

On the Thursday press conference, when she was asked whether Germany would consider using Canadian energy as an alternative for that from Russia, Merkel said as Europe looked to diversify its energy supplies, Canadian energy imports would be a long-term project for Germany, since there was lack of infrastructure for getting Canadian energy currently.

相关新闻:德国总理默克尔27日说,欧盟将重新审视其能源政策,以降低对俄罗斯的能源进口依赖。

默克尔当天与到访的加拿大总理哈珀会面后举行联合新闻发布会。默克尔说,欧盟作为一个整体,或将制定全新的能源政策。欧盟一些国家高度依赖从俄罗斯进口原料,包括天然气和石油。

默克尔说,德国只有35%的天然气依赖俄罗斯,德国也从挪威和英国进口大量天然气。就这方面而言,德国并不是欧洲国家中(对俄)依赖程度最高的。但(能源政策调整)关系到长期定位。

哈珀说,无论是否有乌克兰危机,加拿大都希望能源出口多元化。加拿大拥有多种能源资源,且储量都很大。目前,加拿大只向北美地区出口,多元化是一个长期目标。

能源安全一直是制约欧洲经济发展的软肋。由于石油和天然气等传统能源相对匮乏,欧洲不仅高度依赖能源进口,且进口渠道单一,长期受制于俄罗斯油气供应。2013年,欧洲共消费天然气约5343亿立方米,其中约30%进口自俄罗斯,且大部分经由乌克兰管道输送。

美国与欧盟领导人26日在布鲁塞尔举行峰会,双方讨论重点之一是通过增加向私营企业发放市场许可牌照,促进美国页岩气出口欧洲市场,以减少欧盟对俄罗斯的能源依赖。(新华网)



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